Further Reading: From the Andes to the Caribbean

By Horace D. Ballard
February 21, 2023
Index Magazine

Further Reading: From the Andes to the Caribbean

A painting of a woman wearing a white tunic and dark blue veil reading a book she holds in her hands.
TL42430.21 Attributed to Mateo Pérez de Alesio, Italian, Virgin Mary Reading, c. 1589–1616. Oil on canvas with gold (gold likely added in the 18th century). Carl & Marilynn Thoma Collection, TL42430.21. Image: Courtesy of the Carl & Marilynn Thoma Foundation.

During my research for the exhibition De los Andes al Caribe: El arte americano desde el imperio español/From the Andes to the Caribbean: American Art from the Spanish Empire, I made note of several poems, articles, and books that inspired me and informed my thinking. I invite you to explore the following readings.

Articles and Poems

Charlene Villaseñor Black, “Decolonial Aspirations and the Study of Colonial Art,” Latin American and Latinx Visual Culture 3 (4) (2021): 5–11; https://doi.org/10.1525/lavc.2021.3.4.5.

Neil Leadbeater, Librettos for the Black Madonna (Edinburgh: White Adder Press, 2011).

Exhibition Catalogues

Rosario I. Granados-Salinas, Painted Cloth: Fashion and Ritual in Colonial Latin America (Austin: Tower Books, 2022).

Patricia Kane et al., Art and Industry in Early America: Rhode Island Furniture, 1650–1830 (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Art Gallery, 2016).

Ilona Katzew et al., Pinxit Mexici/Painted in Mexico, 1700–1790 (New York: DelMonico Books/Prestel, 2017).

Suzanne Stratton-Pruitt et al., The Virgin, Saints, and Angels: South American Paintings, 1600–1825, from the Thoma Foundation (Stanford, Calif.: Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University, in association with SKIRA, 2006).


Homi Bhaba, The Location of Culture, 2nd ed. (New York: Routledge, 2004).

George Boudreau and Margaretta Lovell, A Material World: Culture, Society, and the Life of Things in Early Anglo-America (State College: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2020).

Ana Castillo, Goddess of the Americas: Writings on the Virgin of Guadalupe (New York: Penguin, 1997).

Edward S. Cooke, Global Objects: Toward a Connected Art History (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2022).

Thomas B.F. Cummins, Toasts with the Inca: Andean Abstraction and Colonial Images on Quero Vessels, 4th ed. (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005).

Jordana Dym and Karl Offen, eds., Mapping Latin America: A Cartographic Reader (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011).

Emily Engel, Pictured Politics: Visualizing Colonial History in South American Portrait Collections (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2020).

George Kubler, The Shape of Time: Remarks on the History of Things (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2008).

Kris Lane, Potosí: The Silver City that Changed the World (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2021).

Colin McEwan and John W. Hoopes, eds., Pre-Columbian Central America, Colombia, and Ecuador: Toward an Integrated Approach (Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 2021).

Nestor Medina, Mestizaje: (Re)Imagining Race, Culture, and Faith in Latina/o Catholicism (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 2014).

Felipe Pereda, Crime and Illusion: The Art of Truth in the Spanish Golden Age (Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2018).  

Edward Said, Culture and Imperialism, 2nd ed. (New York: Knopf, 2012).

Jack Weatherford, Indian Givers: How the Indians of America Transformed the World, 2nd ed. (New York: Random House, 2018).


Horace D. Ballard is the Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr., Associate Curator of American Art and organizer of the exhibition From the Andes to the Caribbean: American Art from the Spanish Empire.