- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
- Coiled Band with Interlocked Ring
- Work Type
- 9th-8th century BCE
- Creation Place: Ancient & Byzantine World, Europe
- Iron Age
- Persistent Link
- Physical Descriptions
- Copper alloy
- Cast and hammered
- 5 cm (1 15/16 in.)
- Technical Details
Technical Observations: The patina is an uneven, varied green, and some areas have chipped off, revealing a brown metal. Traces of tan burial material are present. The band is formed from a single wire of uneven section that was bent back on itself at its midpoint and curled into a doubled coil. The ends taper and are twisted together, forming a point. The wire is faceted, and there is a suggestion of a linear microstructure.
The ring, which is strung onto the band, is made in one piece as well. The ring has no evidence of joins and was probably cast. It has a somewhat flattened, uneven section and is faceted. The patina of the ring is a more aquamarine color than the band, suggesting it was made of a different alloy.
Francesca G. Bewer (submitted 2012)
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Jerry Nagler
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Published Catalogue Text: Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Bronzes at the Harvard Art Museums
A small ring is attached to this coiled band. The band is made of a long wire that has been bent double and coiled into two spirals, making the band four wires thick. The ends of the wire are twisted to bind them together. The smaller ring moves freely around the spiral band.
Although a specific use for the bands is not known, in the cases where they have been excavated, they have been found in pairs in female graves (1).
1. See F. Jurgeit, Die etruskischen und italischen Bronzen sowie Gegenstände aus Eisen, Blei, und Leder im Badischen Landesmuseum Karlsruhe, Terra Italia 5 (Pisa, 1999) 595, no. 1013, pl. 276; and K. Kilian, Früheisenzeitliche Funde aus der Südostnekropole von Sala Consilina (1970) 188-89, type R4a, pls. 43, 61, 78, and 89. Similar bands, such as Kilian’s type R4b, also have small rings attached, like 1987.135.30; see ibid., pl. 23, Gr A55. Compare also A. M. Bietti Sestieri and E. Macnamara, Prehistoric Metal Artefacts from Italy (3500-720 BC) in the British Museum (London, 2007) 19 and 195, “bracelet” type 4, nos. 638-44; a ring is attached to no. 638.
Lisa M. Anderson
- Publication History
Julie Wolfe, "Analysis of Iron Age Bronze Fibulae from Southern Italy in the Collection of the Harvard University Art Museums" (thesis (certificate in conservation), Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies, June 1998), Unpublished, p. 1-14 passim.
- Subjects and Contexts
- Related Works
This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at email@example.com