- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
- Strigil (Scraper)
- Tools and Equipment
- Work Type
- 6th-5th century BCE
- Creation Place: Ancient & Byzantine World, Europe, Aegina
- Archaic period to Classical
- Persistent Link
- Physical Descriptions
- 32 x 2.8 x 6.5 cm (12 5/8 x 1 1/8 x 2 9/16 in.)
- Technical Details
Chemical Composition: XRF data from Artax 1
Alloying Elements: copper, tin
Other Elements: lead, iron, arsenic
K. Eremin, January 2014
Technical Observations: Most of the metal surface is covered by a fine layer of green and gray corrosion products as well as tan and white burial accretions. There are also black copper-sulfide crystals that have developed as a result of post-excavation storage conditions. In a few areas, the matte corrosion crust has flaked off to reveal a very smooth metallic surface that has oxidized to a cupritic reddish brown. A stress crack has developed from the edge of the strigil; it runs through the strigil’s center to roughly three-quarters of the distance up the curved blade. The edges of this crack are mineralized.
The very even, thin walls of this strigil suggest that it was hammered out of a sheet of metal. The handle is hollow, and the sheet would have been shaped around a long cylindrical form. There is a slight crimp or bulge at the transition from the open area of the scraper to the closed handle, where two edges of the sheet have been brought together to form a smooth seam down the middle. The tip of the strigil is slightly flared.
Francesca G. Bewer (submitted 2012)
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Transfer from the Department of the Classics, Harvard University, Gift of Professor A. A. Howard
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Published Catalogue Text: Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Bronzes at the Harvard Art Museums
The handle of this strigil is a cylinder that was formed from a sheet; the seam is visible on the side of the scoop. The sides of the scoop are more curved than on other examples. The cylindrical handle has a seam on one side that opens into a deep, elongated scoop section (with a maximum depth of 1.15 cm) and ends in a flared lip. Comparable examples may be found in the area of Corinth, where the earliest strigils also have hollow, tubular handles, like this example, perhaps for the insertion of a wooden handle (1).
A strigil, which consists of a curved scoop with a handle, was a tool used in the baths for cleaning an individual’s body. Oil would be applied to a person’s skin and then removed, along with dirt or sweat, using the curved scoop of a strigil (2). The Apoxyomenos statue type, known from ancient literature as well as several copies including two over-life-size bronze versions, depicts an athlete cleaning the scoop of a strigil after use (3).
1. See C. W. Blegen, H. Palmer, and R. S. Young, Corinth 13: The North Cemetery (Princeton, 1964) 91-95, 216, 222, and 236; nos. 262-4 (iron), 277-1 (iron), and 322-2 (copper alloy); pl. 81; and I. K. Raubitschek, Isthmia 7: The Metal Objects (1952-1989) (Princeton, 1998) 122 and 128-29, nos. 460-63, fig. 26, pl. 73.
2. For an overview of the use of strigils, see G. M. A. Richter, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Bronzes (New York, 1915) 293-94. For an overview of strigil types, see Blegen, Palmer, and Young 1964 (supra 1) 91-95, fig. 9.
3. Pliny, Natural History 34.65. For the statue type and copies, see J. M. Daehner and K. Lapatin, eds., Power and Pathos: Bronze Sculpture of the Hellenistic World, exh. cat., Palazzo Strozzi, Florence; the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles; and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC (Los Angeles, 2015) 122-23 and 270-81, nos. 40-44. A red-figure plate at Harvard, 1960.351, also depicts an athlete holding a strigil.
Francesca G. Bewer and Lisa M. Anderson
- Subjects and Contexts
- Related Works
This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at email@example.com