- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
- Work Type
- sculpture, statuette
- mid 5th century BCE
- Creation Place: Ancient & Byzantine World, Europe, Umbria
- Classical period
- Persistent Link
- Physical Descriptions
- Leaded bronze
- Cast, lost-wax process
- 15.24 x 6.35 cm (6 x 2 1/2 in.)
- Technical Details
Chemical Composition: XRF data from Artax 1
Alloy: Leaded Bronze
Alloying Elements: copper, tin, lead
Other Elements: iron
Comments: The object has high levels of surface iron and calcium.
K. Eremin, January 2014
Technical Observations: The patina is black or very dark green with spots of green and red. The right hand is lost. The tang on the bottom of the right foot was broken off and re-adhered with a pin. A crack in the right ankle goes most of the way through the metal. The shield that would have been held in the left hand is missing; modern glue around the shield handle currently in the left hand indicates that some type of shield was recently attached. Most of the surface is preserved in perfect detail.
Soft manipulation marks in many areas indicate the model was formed directly in the wax prior to casting. There may have been a small amount of cold working in the cast metal on the chest and face, but most of the details were formed in the wax.
- Purchased by the donor at auction in 1986 from Dr. Herbert A. Cahn of Munzen and Medaillens, Basel, Switzerland (M&M auction #70, 14 November 1986, lot 149). Ex collection, H.R. Suter, Binningen, Switzerland.
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of Mrs. Claude-Claire Grenier
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- Asian and Mediterranean Art
- The Harvard Art Museums encourage the use of images found on this website for personal, noncommercial use, including educational and scholarly purposes. To request a higher resolution file of this image, please submit an online request.
Published Catalogue Text: Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Bronzes at the Harvard Art Museums
The striding warrior wears a cuirass, greaves, and a helmet. His right arm is upraised, missing the hand, which probably grasped a spear. His left arm is stretched out and likely once held a shield. His helmet has a high, undecorated crest that is broken at the lower tip; the cheek pieces of the helmet are raised on either side of the face. His face is broad and flat, narrowing to the chin, which is squared and prominent. He has simple, molded brows, bulging almond-shaped eyes, a small mouth, and a sharp triangular nose. His neck is relatively thick. He wears a short cuirass with short sleeves and shoulder straps, but otherwise lacks detail. The warrior is nude from the waist down, except for the simple greaves that cover the fronts of his lower legs. His molded genitalia are visible. He is barefoot, with toes indicated in part by separation and in part by incised lines. Long triangular tangs (2.07 cm) extend from the bottoms of his feet for attachment to a stand. The figure is modeled in the round.
Various types of statuettes depicting a warrior, perhaps Mars or the dedicant, are found in northern Italy during the Archaic period (1). The depictions range from elaborate to schematic and are thought to have been votives. Q. Maule includes the Harvard piece in a group of 34 warrior statuettes assigned to an artisan that he dubbed the “Strong Jaw Master,” who worked in Italy in the first half of the fifth century BCE (2).
1. See G. Colonna, Bronzi votivi umbro-sabellici a figura umana 1: Periodo “arcaico” (Florence, 1970) 76-83, nos. 174-92, pls. 49-60.
2. See Q. Maule, “The Strong Jaw Master,” Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts: Römische Abteilung 101 (1994): 33-42 (no. 26 is the Harvard statuette).
Lisa M. Anderson
- Subjects and Contexts
This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at firstname.lastname@example.org