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Identification and Creation
Object Number
Text folio (text recto; text verso of folio 3), from a manuscript of Prayers
Other Titles
Series/Book Title: Manuscript of prayers
Work Type
manuscript folio
dated 1713
Creation Place: Middle East, Iran
Safavid period
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Ink, colors, and gold on paper
20 x 13 cm (7 7/8 x 5 1/8 in.)
Ezzat-Malek Soudavar, Geneva, Switzerland (by 2014), by descent; to her son Abolala Soudavar, Houston, Texas (2014), loan; to Harvard Art Museums, 2015.

Ezzat-Malek Soudavar (1913-2014) formed this collection over a period of sixty years. She purchased the works of art on the international art market.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Loan from A. Soudavar in memory of his mother Ezzat-Malek Soudavar
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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The thin and small manuscript of 34 folios opens with a beautiful illuminated sarlawh. The original Arabic text is copied in naskh in black ink, with interlinear translation into Persian in small red thulth on floral gold drawings. According to the colophon it was copied by Ahmad al-Nayrizi in 1125 H (1713) in Isfahan.
Ahmad b. Shams al-Din Muhammad Nayrizi (or Neyrizi) (fl. 1096-1152) was one of the greatest calligraphers of the late Safavid period, and the master of naskh and thulth. He canonized a distinct form of naskh script, known as Persian Naskh. Originally from Nayriz of Fars, he moved to Isfahan at the summon of the last Safavid ruler, Sultan Husayn where he resided from 1100 to 1134.
The binding is covered with a blue cloth on the outside and plain paper on the inside.
Related Works

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