- Gallery Text
This jar is the earliest known vessel signed and dated by Dave Drake, an enslaved African American potter who made alkaline-glazed stoneware jars and jugs in the Edgefield District of South Carolina in the mid-19th century. Also known as Dave the Potter, Drake dated and frequently signed his vessels; occasionally he inscribed them with rhyming couplets. On the shoulder of this jar, Drake inscribed the date (“January 27, 1840”), his name, and a reference to his owner (“Mr. Miles,” or Lewis Miles). Sturdy jars and jugs like these are fundamentally the products of enslavement; they were produced by slaves for Southern plantations, which required substantial, durable vessels to preserve and store food for a large labor force. Drake’s pottery stands out, however, because it advertised his skill and literacy at a time when it was illegal for slaves to read and write in South Carolina.
- Identification and Creation
Level 2, Room 2100, European and American Art, 17th–19th century, Centuries of Tradition, Changing Times: Art for an Uncertain Age
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- Physical Descriptions
- 41 × 38 cm (16 1/8 × 14 15/16 in.)
- Inscriptions and Marks
- inscription: incised into vessel, under rim: Mr Miles Dave \\
- inscription: incised into vessel, under rim: January 27th 1840
- inscription: upper left, above inscription: [5 punctures]
- Jimmy Smith, Greenville, South Carolina, 1980s, sold; to Tom Smith, Shelby, North Carolina, sold; [through Phil Winged, Clover South Carolina]; to Dr. John Hoar, Huntsville, Alabama, sold; [through Robert Hunter British and American Porcelain and Pottery], sold; to Harvard Art Museums, 2016.
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Anonymous Fund in memory of Henry Berg; bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop, by exchange; gift of C. R. Simpkins, "A Tribute to the Class of 1892.", by exchange; gift of Mrs. Henry James, by exchange; and gift of Mrs. George R. Agassiz, by exchange
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- European and American Art
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- Publication History
"New Acquisitions", American Ceramic Circle Newsletter, American Ceramic Circle (Williamsburg, Virginia, Fall 2017), pp. 21-31, p. 23, repr.
Sophie Lynford, Natalia Vieyra, and Joanna Sheers Seidenstein, "In Honor of Juneteenth", Index Magazine, Harvard Art Museums ([e-journal], June 19, 2020), https://www.harvardartmuseums.org/article/in-honor-of-juneteenth, accessed June 29, 2020
- Exhibition History
32Q: 2100 19th Century, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/01/2017 - 11/08/2018; Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 07/01/2021 - 01/01/2050
32Q: 3620 University Study Gallery, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 08/31/2019 - 01/08/2020
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