recto Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Folio from a Qur'an: Sura 2:191-194 (recto), Sura 2:194-196 (verso)
Work Type
manuscript folio
13th - 14th century
Creation Place: Africa, North Africa
North African
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Ink, colors, and gold on parchment
20 x 16 cm (8 x 6 1/2 in.)
Edwin Binney, 3rd, California (1979-1986), bequest; to the Harvard Art Museums, 2012.

Stored at the San Diego Museum of Art from some time before 1986 until 1991, then at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art from 1991-2011.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, The Edwin Binney, 3rd Collection of Turkish Art at the Harvard Art Museums
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Along with 2013.80.1, this is one of two detached folios from the same Qur’an, copied in Maghribi script on parchment. Based on stylistic evidence of the script and medium, the two Qur’an folios can be dated to the 13th and 14th centuries and were probably made in North Africa, where Qur’ans were still produced in parchment rather than paper at this time. Each folio is copied in brown ink with eight lines to the page. Green, red, blue, and yellow are used for diacritical marks. The small gold rosettes denote the end of each verse. The larger roundels correspond to every tenth verse. On the recto side of 2013.80.2, verse 2:190 is marked with the larger roundel, and the number 90 is spelled out in golden letters against a dark blue ground . On the same folio, the verso side is the flesh side of the parchment as it is lighter in color. On 2013.80.1, the recto side is the flesh side.
Exhibition History

32Q: 2550 Islamic, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/02/2016 - 04/26/2017

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at