painting proper
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Hak-kyo Chŏng, Korean (1832 - 1914)
Orchids and Rock
Work Type
hanging scroll, painting
datable to 1911
Creation Place: East Asia, Korea
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Hanging scroll; ink on satin silk; with signature reading "Chŏng Hak-kyo"; with two seals of the artist
painting proper: 115.8 x 39.4 cm (45 9/16 x 15 1/2 in.)
mounting, including cord and roller ends: 191.8 x 61.8 cm (75 1/2 x 24 5/16 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: Upper right, in black ink: Chŏng Hak-kyo [written in Chinese characters]
  • inscription: Vertically oriented brush-written inscription and signature at the upper right quadrant: the signature reads "Chŏng Hak-kyo".
  • seal: artist's seal, upper right, immediately following signature: square, red, intaglio seal reading "Chŏng Hak-kyo"
  • seal: artist's seal, lower left corner: square, red, relief seal indicating that the painting was done when the artist was eighty "sui" (i.e., seventy-nine years old).
Purchased in Korea and brought to the U.S. in the 1960s; through auction in the early 2000s; through Kang Collection; to Harvard Art Museum.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Purchase through the generosity of Christina Marcove and through the Ralph C. Marcove International Understanding Through Arts and Crafts Foundation, Inc.
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Painted in ink on satin silk, this hanging scroll represents two clumps of orchids, likely cymbidiums, growing on either side of a garden rock. Entering in the lower left corner, the rock rises diagonally through the composition, reaching almost two-thirds the full height of the painting. The orchids grow on either side of the rock. The artist's inscription and signature comprise three columns of calligraphy in the painting's upper right quadrant. The very cursive script and the characters' extended final, vertical brushstrokes harmonize perfectly with the brushwork of the orchids' leaves and flowers. A seal of the artist reading Chŏng Hak-kyo appears immediately after the artist's signature (i.e., at the bottom of the third column of calligraphy, reading from right to left). The artist's second seal appears in the lower left corner of the painting, impressed on the lowest part of the rock.
Exhibition History

Re-View: S228-230 (Asian rotation: 4), Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 05/07/2010 - 11/09/2010

32Q: 2600 East Asian, Japanese, Chinese and Korean, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 12/07/2017 - 06/01/2018

This record was created from historic documentation and may not have been reviewed by a curator; it may be inaccurate or incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at