Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Arnold Chang (Zhang Hong), American (born 1954)
Work Type
wall scroll, painting
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Wall scroll; ink on paper; with date and signature of the artist reading "Bingzi wuyue Zhang Hong hua" and two seals of the artist reading "Yin Shan" and "Zhang Hong Zhi Xi"
95.9 x 185.4 cm (37 3/4 x 73 in.) Note that these are not rolled dimensions
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: Vertically oriented signature at the proper right edge of the painting, the signature reading "Bingzi wuyue Zhang Hong hua". The signature can be translated as "Painted [by] Zhang Hong [in the] fifth month [of the] bingzi [cyclical year, which corresponds to 1996 in the Gregorian calendar]".
  • seal: Two of the artist's seals appear on the painting, as follows:
    Lower right corner -- Square, red, relief seal reading "Yin Shan".
    Upper left corner, following signature -- Square, red, relief seal reading "Zhang Hong Zhi Xi"
J.J. Lally & Co., New York, sold April 2009
Sotheby's, Hong Kong, sold April 2009
M.K. Lau Collection, Ltd. Hong Kong, owner 1997-2009
Beatus Gallery, Hong Kong, sold 1996
Arnold Chang painted in Queens, New York City, 1996
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of Mrs. Henry James, by exchange
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
The Harvard Art Museums encourage the use of images found on this website for personal, noncommercial use, including educational and scholarly purposes. To request a higher resolution file of this image, please submit an online request.
This horizontally oriented wall scroll presents an up-close view of a mountainous landscape. Three series of peaks recede directly into the compositional space, one at the left edge, one in the center, and one at the right edge; mist-filled valleys separate the series of peaks. The valley at the viewer's left includes a waterfall that descends precipitously from the top of the composition to a mist-enshrouded area in the middleground, where it disappears from view; it re-emerges in the foreground, at the bottom of the composition. The mountain sides are steep and rocky, so that the few trees and scant other vegetation is limited mainly to the tops of the peaks. The painting is executed in ink on paper, using a very dry brush.
Publication History

Julia Frances Andrews, ed., A Century in Crisis: Modernity and Tradition in the Art of Twentieth-Century China, exh. cat., Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (New York, 1998), pl. 179

This record was created from historic documentation and may not have been reviewed by a curator; it may be inaccurate or incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at