- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
- Arrow-Shaped Openwork Ornament
- Work Type
- 2nd-6th century CE
Creation Place: Ancient & Byzantine World, Asia, Antioch (Syria)
Find Spot: Middle East, Turkey
- Persistent Link
- Physical Descriptions
- Mixed copper alloy
- Cast and hammered
- 9.4 x 1.9 x 0.4 cm (3 11/16 x 3/4 x 3/16 in.)
- Technical Details
Technical Observations: Some of the patina is brown, but the majority is metallic. Some corrosion pitting is present, but there are no corrosion products remaining. They were stripped away using an electrolytic or electrochemical technique. The small end may be missing an additional section. The implement was made by casting. The reverse side is flat. The holes in the oval midsection may have been for mechanical attachment, such as with rivets. Although no tool marks are visible because the surface was stripped, the flat sections were probably hammered from the square shaft. The grooved decoration of the shaft could have been made by either hammering or abrasive filing. The holes are perfectly round and were drilled. The heart-shape was probably cut using a saw.
Carol Snow and Henry Lie (submitted 2002, updated 2010)
- Excavated from Antioch (no. c855-U801) (Turkey, Hatay) by the Syrian Department of Antiquities (later the Hatay government) and the Committee for the Excavation of Antioch and Its Vicinity, (1935-1939), dispersed; to Fogg Art Museum, 1940.
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of the Committee for the Excavation of Antioch and its Vicinity
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- Asian and Mediterranean Art
Published Catalogue Text: Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Bronzes at the Harvard Art Museums
This ornament is topped by an elongated leaf-shape with a heart-shaped perforation. The shaft of the ornament is decorated by a series of beads separated by double collars. Near the midpoint of the shaft, which is up to 3 cm thick, is an oval disc that has six perforations, three on each side, for attachment. This object would have lain flat against the object to which it was attached (1).
1. For similar attachments, see Z. Mráv, “Auf Reisewagen applizierte ‘Benefiziarierabzeichen’ aus zwei nordostpannonischen Wagengräbern: Die eraviskische Stammeselite im Dienste Roms,” Archaeologiai Értesíto 136 (2011): 21-61, esp. fig. 9.
- Exhibition History
Antioch-on-the-Orontes: Excavating an Early Byzantine City, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library & Collection, Washington, 04/07/2010 - 10/10/2010
- Subjects and Contexts
This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at firstname.lastname@example.org