Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Three-Pronged Scoop
Work Type
unidentified item
Unidentified culture
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Leaded bronze
Cast, lost-wax process
7.8 x 4.1 x 2.5 cm (3 1/16 x 1 5/8 x 1 in.)
Technical Details

Chemical Composition: XRF data from Artax 1
Alloy: Leaded Bronze
Alloying Elements: copper, tin, lead
Other Elements: iron, arsenic

XRF data from Tracer
Alloy: Leaded Bronze
Alloying Elements: copper, tin, lead
Other Elements: iron, antimony

K. Eremin, January 2014

Technical Observations: The patina is green with areas of dark green, which may be related to an old artificial coating. There is no red cuprite present, and an area of worn green reveals bright metal. The evidence for long-term burial is not clear. The surface is rough, but this is due to the casting rather than the corrosion layer. There is no evidence that this scoop was part of a larger object or that there are any losses. The object was cast from a model made directly in wax.

Henry Lie (submitted 2012)

Miss Elizabeth Gaskell Norton, Boston, MA and Miss Margaret Norton, Cambridge, MA (by 1920), gift; to the Fogg Art Museum, 1920.

Note: The Misses Norton were daughters of Charles Elliot Norton (1827-1908).
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of the Misses Norton
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Published Catalogue Text: Ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Bronzes at the Harvard Art Museums
This thick-walled scoop-shaped object is oblong and has three blunt triangular prongs at one end. The object does not form a complete hemispheroid, and the sides of the object form a point in profile—from the approximate midpoint toward the prongs, the sides are cut into a slight curve. From the midpoint to the back of the object, the object is cut away at a steep angle. The surfaces of the exterior and interior are rough and slightly striated.

The purpose of this object is not clear. Although it resembles a scoop, it would not have been possible to use it without a handle, and there is no indication that it ever had an attached handle. It is most likely not an ancient object.

Lisa M. Anderson

Subjects and Contexts

Ancient Bronzes

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at