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Identification and Creation

Object Number
Sultan Muhammad, Persian (16th century)
Earthly Drunkenness (painting recto; text verso), illustrated folio from a manuscript of Divan of Hafiz
Work Type
manuscript folio
c. 1530
Creation Place: Middle East, Iran, Tabriz
Safavid period
Persistent Link

Physical Descriptions

Ink, color, gold and silver on paper
actual: 28.7 x 35.5 cm (11 5/16 x 14 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: The work of Sultan-Muhammad of 'Iraq


Recorded Ownership History
Louis Cartier Collection, Paris (by 1958), sold; to Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Cary Welch, Jr., Warren, NH, (1958-1988), gift; to Harvard University Art Museums.

Acquisition and Rights

Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, The Stuart Cary Welch Collection, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Cary Welch in honor of the students of Harvard University and Radcliffe College, Jointly owned by the Harvard Art Museums and the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art

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Publication History

  • Armenag Sakisian, La Miniature Persane du XIIe au XVIIe Siecle, Les Editions G. van Oest (Paris, France, 1929), page 80/figure 144
  • Laurence Binyon and J. V. S. Wilkinson, Persian Miniature Painting: Including a Critical and Descriptive Catalogue of the Miniatures Exhibited at Burlington House, January-March, 1931, exh. cat., Oxford University Press (NY) and Oxford University Press (UK) (London, England, 1933), p. 128, fig. LXXV
  • Basil William Robinson, Persian Drawings from the 14th through the 19th Century, Shorewood Publishers Inc. (New York, NY, 1965), pp.134, plate 33
  • Stuart Cary Welch, A King's Book of Kings: The Shah-Nameh of Shah Tahmasp, The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, 1976), p. 58
  • Stuart Cary Welch, Persian Painting: Five Royal Safavid Manuscripts of the Sixteenth Century, George Braziller (New York, 1976), pp. 68, 69/ plate 18
  • Stuart Cary Welch, Wonders of the Age: Masterpieces of Early Safavid Painting, 1501-1576, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1979), pp.128-129, fig. 44
  • Martin Bernard Dickson and Stuart Cary Welch, The Houghton Shahnameh, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1981), pp. 38; 56-58; 66; 69; 70 / fig. 38; 51-55; 71; 84; 86
  • Michele de Angelis and Thomas W. Lentz, Architecture in Islamic Painting: Permanent and Impermanent Worlds, brochure, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, Mass, 1982)
  • History of the World, brochure, Asahi Shimbun Press (Tokyo, Japan, 1989), A-246
  • Sheila Blair, ed., Images of Paradise In Islamic Art, exh. cat., University of Tennessee Press (Austin, TX, 1991), p. 105, fig. 44
  • Esin Atil, "Humor and Wit in Islamic Art", Asian Art & Culture, ed. Karen Sagstetter, Oxford University Press (NY) (New York, NY, Fall/Winter 1994), vol. 7, no. 1, p. 21, fig. 10
  • Sheila Blair and Jonathan Bloom, Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250 - 1800 (New Haven, CT, 1994), p. 169, fig. 211
  • Jerry H. Combee, History of the World in Christian Perspective, Beka Book Publication (Pensacola, FL, 1995)
  • James Cuno, Alvin L. Clark, Jr., Ivan Gaskell, and William W. Robinson, Harvard's Art Museums: 100 Years of Collecting, ed. James Cuno, Harvard University Art Museums and Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (Cambridge, MA, 1996), page 134-135
  • Masterpieces of world art : Fogg Art Museum, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Busch-Reisinger Museum, 1997
  • Sarah Coakley, ed., Religion and the Body, Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, England, 1997), p. 266
  • Albert Craig, The Heritage of World Civilizations, Prentice Hall (Upper Saddle River, NJ, 1997), p. 645
  • Bernard Lewis, A Middle East Mosaic, Random House (New York, 2000), p. 374
  • Oleg Grabar, Mostly Miniatures: An Introducation to Persian Painting, Princeton University Press (Princeton, 2000), p 68/fig 31
  • Studies In Islamic and Later Indian Art From the Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Harvard University Art Museums, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2002), p. 10, fig. 1; details on p. 8 and cover
  • Priscilla Soucek, Interpreting the Ghazals of Hafiz, RES: Anthropology and Aesthetics, Peabody Museum of Archaeology & Ethnology (Cambridge, MA, Spring, 2003), No. 43, Islamic Arts, p. 157, fig. 5
  • John Renard, Historical Dictionary of Sufism, Scarecrow Press (Maryland, 2005), fig. 13
  • The Tangled Braid: Ninety-nine Poems by Hafiz of Shiraz, Fons Vitae (Louisville, KY, 2009), p. xx, and detail on book cover
  • Farid al-Din Attar, Layli Anvar, and Michael Barry, Le Cantique des Oiseaux: illustré par la peinture en Islam d’orient, Diane de Selliers (Paris, 2012), p. 310, ill. pp. 311-312
  • Cartier and Islamic Art: In Search of Modernity (London, Thames & Hudson, 2021)., p. 83, ill; pp. 293-295, no. 4f

Exhibition History

  • The Heavenly Court: Persian Poetry and Painting, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 02/09/1985 - 03/31/1985
  • Paintings for Princes: The Art of the Book in Islam, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/27/1990 - 03/25/1990
  • The Here and the Hereafter: Images of Paradise in Islamic Art, Hood Museum of Art, Hanover, 03/16/1991 - 05/26/1991
  • Five Masters of Persian and Indian Painting, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/11/1992 - 03/09/1992
  • Divinely Inspired: Images of Mystics and Mendicants, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/16/1999 - 03/29/1999
  • 32Q: 2550 Islamic, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/16/2014 - 05/14/2015

Related Works

Verification Level

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at