Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Attributed to Bihzad, Islamic (15th -16th century)
Assault on a Castle
Work Type
manuscript folio
c. 1475-1500
Creation Place: Central Asia, Afghanistan, Herat
Timurid period
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
image with border: 33.5 x 22.5 cm (13 3/16 x 8 7/8 in.)
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Bequest of Abby Aldrich Rockefeller
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Publication History

Phyllis Ackerman, Guide to the Exhibition of Persian Art, exh. cat., Iranian Institute (New York, NY, 1940), pp. 253-254, repro.

Phyllis Ackerman, Guide to the Exhibition of Persian Art, exh. cat., Iranian Institute (New York, NY, 1940), pp.253-254

Arthur Upham Pope, Masterpieces of Persian Art, The Dryden Press (New York, 1945), pp. 146, 149, 168, pl. 126

Eric Schroeder, "Mrs. Rockefeller's Miniatures at the Fogg", The Connoisseur (August 1961), vol. 148, pp. 70-75, p. 75, fig. 12

Eleanor Sims, "The Garrett Manuscript of the Zafar-Name: A Study in Fifteenth Century Timurid Patronage" (1973), pp. 141, 339, fig. 30

Stuart Cary Welch, Wonders of the Age: Masterpieces of Early Safavid Painting, 1501-1576, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1979), pp. 15-16, fig. 1

Marianna Shreve Simpson, Arab and Persian Painting in the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1980), pp. 11, 34, 48-49, no. 14, ill.

[Reproduction only], [Exhibition opening listing with images], Harvard University Gazette, (February 1981).

Michele de Angelis and Thomas W. Lentz, Architecture in Islamic Painting: Permanent and Impermanent Worlds, brochure, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, Mass, 1982)

Thomas W. Lentz and Glenn D. Lowry, Timur and the Princely Vision: Persian Art and Culture in the Fifteenth Century, exh. cat., Museum Associates (Los Angeles, CA, 1989), pp238 - 241, 356, cat. no. 135

Burchard Brentes and Helga Burchard, Die Heerscharen des Orients, Brandenburgisches Verlagshaus (Berlin, Germany, 1991), pg. 174, b/w

Robert Elgood, Firearms of the Islamic World in the Tareq Rajab Museum, Kuwait, I. B. Tauris (London, England, 1995), pg. 115, color

James Cuno, Alvin L. Clark, Jr., Ivan Gaskell, and William W. Robinson, Harvard's Art Museums: 100 Years of Collecting, ed. James Cuno, Harvard University Art Museums and Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (Cambridge, MA, 1996), page 132-133

Masterpieces of world art : Fogg Art Museum, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Busch-Reisinger Museum, 1997

Ehsan Yarshater and Stuart Cary Welch, The Lion and the Throne: Stories From the Shahnameh of Ferdowsi Volume I, Mage Publishers (Washington, D.C, 1998), page 270/details on pgs. 214, 216, 217

Walter B. Denny and Aileen Ribeiro, Court and Conquest: Ottoman Origins and the Design for Handel's Tamerlano at the Glimmerglass Opera, exh. cat., Kent State University Museum (Kent State, OH, 1999), page 5/figure 5

Peter Alford Andrews, "Felt Tents and Pavilions: The Nomadic Traditin and its Interaction with Princely Tentage" (1999), Melisende, fig. 151

Afghanistan: une histoire millenaire, exh. cat., Fundació la Caixa (Paris, France, 2002), page 44, 176/figure 145

Exhibition History

Arab and Persian Painting, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 02/10/1981 - 03/09/1981

The Heavenly Court: Persian Poetry and Painting, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 02/09/1985 - 03/31/1985

Early Safavid Painting 1501 - 1576, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 02/21/1987 - 04/12/1987

The House of Timur: Princely Arts in Fifteenth-Century Iran and Central Asia, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Washington, 04/14/1989 - 07/06/1989; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, 08/13/1989 - 11/05/1989

Paintings for Princes: The Art of the Book in Islam, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/27/1990 - 03/25/1990

In Detail: Looking at Persian, Turkish and Indian Pictures, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/11/1995 - 01/21/1996

Court and Conquests, Ottoman Origins and the Designs for Handel's "Tamerlano" at the Glimmerglass Opera, Equitable Gallery, New York, 11/18/1998 - 01/23/1999; Kent State University Museum, Kent, 02/17/1999 - 04/25/1999

Courts and Countryside: Islamic Paintings from the 14th through the 17th Century, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 05/21/1999 - 08/22/1999

A New Light on Bernard Berenson: Persian Paintings from Villa I Tatti, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/20/2017 - 08/13/2017

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at