Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Arshile Gorky, American ( Vosdanig Adoian in Khorkom (present-day Dilkaya), Van Province, Ottoman Empire (present-day Turkey) 1904 - 1948 Sherman, CT)
Study for "The Calendars"
Work Type
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Charcoal and colored chalks on a ground of rubbed charcoal heavily modeled by erasures, on off-white wove paper, mounted on Kraft paper and wrapped around a strainer
86.7 x 104.8 cm (34 1/8 x 41 1/4 in.)
framed: 97.2 x 115.9 x 3.2 cm (38 1/4 x 45 5/8 x 1 1/4 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • gallery label: removed from reverse, now in curatorial file, paper, typed: Gorky: The Calendars--1946, No. 5044
Arshile Gorky Estate. [Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, New York], sold; to Lois Orswell, Pomfret Center, Connecticut, 1956, gift; to Harvard University Art Museums, 1976.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Lois Orswell
© 2020 The Arshile Gorky Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Accession Year
Object Number
Modern and Contemporary Art
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Publication History

Julien Levy, Arshile Gorky, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1966), reproduced, plate 141

Harry Z. Rand, "Arshile Gorky's Iconography" (Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1974), Unpublished, pp. 93-111, reproduced fig. 49; details reproduced figs. 50 - 53

Eila Kokkinen, Drawings by Five Abstract Expressionist Painters, exh. cat., Hayden Gallery (Cambridge, MA, 1975), cat. 16, pp. 6-7, ill. p. 28

Harry Z. Rand, "The Calendars of Arshile Gorky", Arts Magazine (March 1976), vol. L, no. 7, pp. 70-80, reproduced p. 72, details reproduced pp. 73, 74

E. A. Carmean, Jr. and Eliza E. Rathbone, American Art at Mid-Century: The Subjects of the Artist, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C, 1978), p. 70; reproduced fig. 16, p. 71

Vojtech Jirat-Wasiutynski and Thea Jirat-Wasiutynski, "The Uses of Charcoal in Drawing", Arts Magazine (October 1980), vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 128-135, p. 134

Melvin P. Lader, Arshile Gorky, Abbeville Press (New York, NY, 1985), p. 98, fig. 98

Caroline A. Jones, Modern Art at Harvard: The Formation of the Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Collections of the Harvard University Art Museums (New York, NY and Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press, 1985). With an essay by John Coolidge and a preface by John M. Rosenfield. To accompany the inaugural exhibition at the Sackler Museum, Oct 21 1985 - Jan 5 1986, pp. 96 and 118, fig. 87, reproduced

Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), no. 307, p. 263, repr.

Larry Silver, Art in History, Prentice-Hall (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1993), reproduced in b/w p. 432, fig. 10.3

James Cuno, Alvin L. Clark, Jr., Ivan Gaskell, and William W. Robinson, Harvard's Art Museums: 100 Years of Collecting, ed. James Cuno, Harvard University Art Museums and Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (Cambridge, MA, 1996), p. 240, ill. p. 241

Masterpieces of world art : Fogg Art Museum, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Busch-Reisinger Museum, 1997

Modern Art at Harvard, exh. cat., Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. (Tokyo, Japan, 1999), cat. no. 56, repr. (color)

Marjorie B. Cohn and Sarah Kianovsky, Lois Orswell, David Smith, and Modern Art, exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2002), cat. no. 57, fig. 29 (color), pp. 65, 371, 376

Harry Cooper, Jody Patterson, and Robert Storr, Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective, exh. cat., ed. Dr. Michael R. Taylor, Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia, 2009), no. 169, repr.

Exhibition History

Drawings by Five Abstract Expressionist Painters, Hayden Gallery, Cambridge, 02/21/1975 - 03/26/1975

New York School: From the First Generation, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 12/10/1975 - 01/06/1976

Modern Art at Harvard, Bunkamura Museum of Art, Tokyo, 07/31/1999 - 09/26/1999; Takamatsu City Museum of Art, Kagawa, 10/09/1999 - 11/14/1999; Matsuzakaya Art Museum, Nagoya, 12/02/1999 - 12/27/1999; Oita City Museum, Oita, 01/06/2000 - 02/06/2000; Museum of Modern Art, Ibaraki, Ibaraki, 02/11/2000 - 03/26/2000

Lois Orswell, David Smith, and Modern Art, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 09/21/2002 - 02/16/2003

Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 10/15/2009 - 01/10/2010

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Modern and Contemporary Art at