Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Winslow Homer, American (Boston, MA 1836 - 1910 Prouts Neck, ME)
Sailboat and Fourth of July Fireworks
Work Type
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Watercolor and white gouache on white wove paper
24.5 x 34.7 cm (9 5/8 x 13 11/16 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: watercolor, l.l.: July 4 1880; l.r.: WH
  • inscription: verso, brown ink: 10 / Mac[?]
  • inscription: verso, black crayon: No 8 Lot A / 13 3/4 x 9 1/2
  • inscription: verso, upper left, graphite: 4156
Winslow Homer, sold [through unnamed dealer, 1892]; to Jacob Otis Wardwell, Haverhill, MA, after 1892, bequest; to his son Sheldon Eaton Wardwell, Brookline, MA, 1940, sold [through William Macbeth Inc., New York, January 1941] [via Martin Birnbaum, 1941]; to Grenville L. Winthrop, 1941, bequest; to Fogg Art Museum, 1943
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

Kenyon Castle Bolton, III, Peter G. Huenink, Earl A. Powell III, Harry Z. Rand, and Nanette C. Sexton, American Art at Harvard, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1972), cat. 102, ill.

Marjorie B. Cohn, Wash and Gouache: A Study of the Development of the Materials of Watercolor, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, 1977), pp. 14, 34, 48, 50, 97, cat. 22

Gordon Hendricks, The Life and Work of Winslow Homer, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1979), CL-270, p. 297; fig. 226

George Plimpton, Fireworks, Doubleday & Co. (Garden City, NY, 1984), reproduced in color opposite p. 145

Helen A. Cooper, "Winslow Homer's Watercolors", The Magazine Antiques (April 1986), vol. 129, pp. 824-833, p. 827, plate V

Fireworks: American Artists Celebrate the Eighth Art, Butler Institute of American Art (Youngstown, OH, 1986), reproduced in color p. (5)

Helen A. Cooper, Winslow Homer Watercolors, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art/Yale University Press (Washington, D.C. and New Haven, CT, 1986), pp. 73, 112, reproduced in color fig. 49

Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Winslow Homer, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1990), reproduced in color p. 69

Kate F. Jennings, Winslow Homer, Crescent Books (New York, NY, 1990), p. 51

Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr., Winslow Homer Watercolors, Hugh Lauter Levin Associates, Inc. (New York, NY, 1991), color plate 29

Nicolai Cikovsky, Jr. and Franklin Kelly, Winslow Homer, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art/Yale University Press (Washington, D.C.; New Haven, CT and London, England, 1995), p. 286-287, reproduced fig. 189

James Cuno, Alvin L. Clark, Jr., Ivan Gaskell, and William W. Robinson, Harvard's Art Museums: 100 Years of Collecting, ed. James Cuno, Harvard University Art Museums and Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (Cambridge, MA, 1996), p. 232, ill. p. 233

David Tatham, Winslow Homer in the Adirondacks, Syracuse University Press (Syracuse, NY, 1996), p. 83, reproduced in b/w fig. 27

Masterpieces of world art : Fogg Art Museum, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Busch-Reisinger Museum, 1997

Edward Saywell, "Guide to Drawing Terms and Techniques", Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1998), vol. VI, no. 2, pp. 30-39, pp. 37-38 under "Watercolor"

Vincent Pomarède, "La Collection Winthrop: A la recherche de la beauté pure", L'Estampille/L'Objet d'art (April 2003), no. 379, pp. 34-45, p. 44

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press (U.S.) (New York, 2003), pp. 444-446, cat. 199, ill.

Christopher Riopelle, Harvard's Winthrop Collection: Nineteenth-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, exh. cat., National Gallery Company Limited (London, 2003), p. 44, cat. 31, ill.

Stephan Wolohojian, Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2003), pp. 458-60, cat. 199, ill.

John Wilmerding, American Art in the Princeton University Art Museum, Volume I: Drawings and Watercolors, Princeton University Art Museum (New Haven and London, 2004), p. 160, fig. 1

Lloyd Goodrich and Abigail Booth Gerdts, Record of Works by Winslow Homer, Spanierman Gallery (New York, 2005-2014), vol. 3, p. 385, no. 1001, repr. p. 386, repr. in color p. 474

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr., American Watercolors and Pastels 1875-1950 at the Fogg Art Museum, brochure, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2006), checklist

Sophie Lévy, ed., Winslow Homer: Poet of the Sea, exh. cat., Musée d'Art Américain (Giverny, 2006), fig. 6 (color), mentioned pp. 33-34

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr., Virginia Anderson, and Kimberly Orcutt, ed., American Paintings at Harvard, Volume Two, Paintings, Drawings, Pastels and Stained Glass by Artists Born 1826-1856, Harvard Art Museums and Yale University Press (U.S.) (Cambridge, MA and New Haven, CT, 2008), p. 151, cat. no. 115, reproduced in color, p. 153

Martha Tedeschi and Kristi Dahm, Watercolors by Winslow Homer: The Color of Light, exh. cat., The Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press (Chicago, 2008), pp. 74, 81, fig. 9 (p. 82)

Gabrielle Townsend, Winslow Homer: Aquarelles, Bibliothèque de l'Image (Paris, France, 2011), repr. p. 50

Kathleen A. Foster, American Watercolor in the Age of Homer and Sargent, exh. cat., Philadelphia Museum of Art (Philadelphia, 2017), pp. 207, 208, fig. 173

Elizabeth Athens, Brandon Ruud, and Martha Tedeschi, Coming Away: Winslow Homer and England, exh. cat., Worcester Art Museum, Milwaukee Art Museum, and Yale University Press (U.S.) (Worcester, MA and Milwaukee, WI, 2017), p. 73, fig. 2

William R. Cross, Winslow Homer: American Passage, Farrar, Straus & Giroux (New York, 2022), pp. 240-241, repr. p. 240 as fig. 140

Exhibition History

[Exhibition of Homer's Gloucester watercolors and drawings], Doll and Richards Gallery, Boston, 12/08/1880 - 12/24/1880

Watercolors by Winslow Homer, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/09/1944 - 11/01/1944

Rivers and Seas: Changing Attitudes toward Landscape, 1700-1962, Busch-Reisinger Museum, Cambridge, 04/26/1962 - 07/16/1962

American Art at Harvard, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/19/1972 - 06/18/1972

Wash and Gouache: A Study of the Development of the Materials of Watercolor, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 05/12/1977 - 06/22/1977

A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, 03/15/2003 - 05/26/2003; National Gallery, London, 06/25/2003 - 09/14/2003; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/23/2003 - 01/25/2004

American Watercolors and Pastels, 1875-1950, at the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/08/2006 - 06/25/2006

Winslow Homer: Eyewitness, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 08/31/2019 - 01/05/2020

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at