Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Perugino (Pietro Vannucci), Italian (Città della Pieve, Italy c. 1450 - 1523 Fontignano, Italy)
Four Standing Apostles
Work Type
c. 1495-1496
Creation Place: Europe, Italy, Umbria
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Brown ink, black chalk and white gouache, incised, on buff prepared antique laid paper, laid down to heavily textured buff antique laid paper
29 x 22.5 cm (11 7/16 x 8 7/8 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: l.r. corner, Brown ink: 38
  • watermark: No watermark was observed when examined by Craigen Bowen, 3/4/2002.
  • inscription: bottom edge, l.r., brown ink: Pietro Perugino
  • label: verso of mount, l.l., printed and handwritten in black ink, printed and handwritten: FOGG/ ART MUSEUM/ 26.42.2
  • inscription: verso of mount, top center, graphite: n7
[Hôtel Drouot, Paris, France, 16 May 1923, lot. 81], sold. Jacques Auguste Boussac, sold; [Sotheby's, London, 9 July 1924, lot 178]. Mrs. Jesse Isidor Straus, New York; gift, to Fogg Art Museum, 1926.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Mrs. Jesse Isidor Straus in memory of her husband, Jesse Isidor Straus, Class of 1893
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

Catalogue of Sale, auct. cat., Hôtel Drouot (Paris, France, May 16, 1923), cat. no. 81

Catalogue of Boussac Sale, auct. cat., Sotheby's (London, England, July 9, 1924), cat. no. 178, repr.

Agnes Mongan, "Pietro Perugino", Old Master Drawings (September 1934), vol. IX, no. 34, pp. 25-27, pp. 25-27; pl. 29, n.p.

Master Drawings, Selected from the Museums and Private Collections of America, exh. cat., Buffalo Fine Arts Academy/Albright Art Gallery (Buffalo, NY, 1935), no. 15, repr.

Agnes Mongan and Paul J. Sachs, Drawings in the Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, 1940), vol. 1, cat. no. 28, pp. 20-22; vol. 2, repr. fig. 26

Arthur E. Popham, "Drawings in the Fogg Museum", The Burlington Magazine (June 1948), vol. XC, no. 543, p. 179

Paul J. Sachs, The Pocket Book of Great Drawings, Pocket Books, Inc. (New York, 1951), p. 34, pl. 21

William H. Gerdts and Elaine Evans Gerdts, Old Master Drawings, exh. cat., The Newark Museum (Newark, 1960), cat. no. 5, n.p., repr.

Luigi Grassi, I disegni italiani del Trecento e Quattrocento; scuole fiorentina, senese, marchigiana, umbra (Venice, Italy, 1961), p. 218; repr. pl. 108, p. 108

Louise S. Richards, "Three Early Italian Drawings", The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, OH, September 1962), vol. XLIX, no. 7, pp. 168-172, p. 171

Highlights from the Collections of the Fogg Museum and Harvard Alumni of St. Louis, exh. cat., City Art Museum of St. Louis (St. Louis, 1964), cat. 60

Peter A. Wick, "The Sachs Bequest", Acquisitions (Fogg Art Museum), Fogg Art Museum and President and Fellows of Harvard College (1965), pp. 119-135, pp. 125-126, repr. p. 126 as fig. 5

Agnes Mongan, Memorial Exhibition: Works of Art from the Collection of Paul J. Sachs [1878-1965]: given and bequeathed to the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, exh. cat., Harvard University (Cambridge, MA, 1965), cat. no. 6, n.p., repr.

Giulio Bora, I disegni del Codice Resta, Silvana Editoriale (Cinisello Balsamo, 1978), under no. 13/2

Konrad Oberhuber, European Master Drawings of Six Centuries from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., National Museum of Western Art (Tokyo, 1979), cat. no. 3, n.p., pl. 3, repr.

Beverly Louise Brown, Prints and Drawings of the Quattrocento, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1981), cat. no. 31, p. 21; p. 7

Pietro Scarpellini, Perugino, Electa (Milan, Italy, 1984), repr. fig. 125, p. 202

Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), cat. no. 250, p. 217, repr. p. 217

Agnes Mongan, Konrad Oberhuber, and Jonathan Bober, The Famous Italian Drawings at the Fogg Art Museum in Cambridge, Silvana Editoriale (Milan, Italy, 1988), cat. no. 13, n.p., and pp. 10, 18, 22, 24 and 26; repr. color, n.p.

Hein-Thomas Schulze Altcappenberg, Die italienischen Zeichnungen des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts im Berliner Kupferstichkabinett: Kritischer Katalog, exh. cat., G + H Verlag (Berlin, Germany, 1995), p. 244

Suzanne Folds McCullagh and Laura Giles, Italian Drawings before 1600 in The Art Institute of Chicago: A Catalogue of the Collection, The Art Institute of Chicago/Princeton University Press (Chicago, IL and Princeton, NJ, 1997), under cat. no. 577, p. 363

Vittoria Garibaldi and Francesco Federico Mancini, Perugino, il divin pittore, exh. cat., Silvana Editoriale (Cinisello Balsamo, Milan, 2004), cat. no. II.19, pp. 366-67, repr. (also detail repr. as bleed page p. 328)

Michelle O'Malley, Painting under Pressure: Fame, Reputation and Demand in Renaissance Florence, Yale University Press (New Haven and London, 2013), pp. 176-178, repr. p. 176 as fig. 79

Exhibition History

Master Drawings, Selected from the Museums and Private Collections of America, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Buffalo, 01/01/1935 - 01/31/1935

Old Master Drawings, The Newark Museum, Newark, 03/17/1960 - 05/22/1960

Memorial Exhibition: Works of Art from the Collection of Paul J. Sachs [1878-1965] Given and Bequeathed to the Fogg Art Museum Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 11/15/1965 - 01/15/1966; Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, 12/19/1966 - 02/26/1967

European Master Drawings of Six Centuries from the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 11/03/1979 - 12/16/1979

Prints and Drawings of the Quattrocento, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 07/03/1981 - 08/31/1981

Perugino il divin pittore, Galleria Nazionale dell' Umbria, Perugia, 02/28/2004 - 07/18/2004

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at