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Identification and Creation

Object Number
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, British (London, England 1828 - 1882 Birchington-on-Sea, England)
Frame by M. Grieve Co.
A Christmas Carol
Work Type
Persistent Link

Physical Descriptions

Watercolor and gouache on cream wove paper mounted on another sheet of paper, mounted on linen and stretched on a stretcher
34.3 x 29.7 cm (13 1/2 x 11 11/16 in.)
frame: 50.6 x 45.7 x 6.3 cm (19 15/16 x 18 x 2 1/2 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: gouache, u.l.: DGR [monogram] Xmas / 1857-8
  • inscription: back of frame, incised: M. GRIEVE CO. / HAND CARVED / NEW YORK & LONDON


Recorded Ownership History
Sold by the artist; to James Leathart, Brackendene, Gateshead-on-Tyne, 1859 (£63); purchased from his estate by Charles Fairfax Murray, 1897; acquired from him by Grenville L. Winthrop, July 1913 (£1,000); his bequest to the Fogg Art Museum, 1943.

State, Edition, Standard Reference Number

Standard Reference Number
Surtees 98

Acquisition and Rights

Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art


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Publication History

  • William Sharp, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Macmillan and Co. (London, England, 1882), pp. 122, 152, chronology, no. 61
  • William M. Rossetti, "A Pre-Raphaelite Collection", Art Journal (London, May 1896), n.s., 58, p. 132
  • Henry Currie Marillier, Dante Gabriel Rossetti: An Illustrated Memorial of His Art and Life, George Bell & Sons (London, 1899), pp. 50, 82-83, 145, no. 76, repr. opp. p. 84
  • Elisabeth Luther Cary, The Rossettis: Dante Gabriel and Christina, G. P. Putnam's Sons (London, England, 1900), chronology, no. 49
  • Helen M. Rossetti, "The Life and Work of Dante Gabriel Rossetti", Art Journal (London, 1902), Easter Annual, pg. 21, frontispiece
  • Arthur Symons, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Librairie artistique littéraire (Paris, 1910), repr. facing pg. 28
  • Paintings and Drawings of the Pre-Raphaelites and their Circle, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1946), no. 65, repr.
  • Mary Bennett, "A Check-List of Pre-Raphaelite Pictures Exhibited at Liverpool, 1846-1847", Burlington Magazine (November 1963), pp. 491-92, fig. 28
  • Allen Staley, "The Condition of Music", Art News Annual (1967), 33, repr. pg. 85
  • Jerome H. Buckley, ed., The Pre-Raphaelites, Random House (New York, NY, 1968), repr. pg. 338
  • David Sonstroem, Rossetti and the Fair Lady, Wesleyan University Press (Middletown, CT, 1970), pg. 161, repr. pg. 70
  • Virginia Surtees, The Paintings and Drawings of Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882): A Catalogue Raisonné, The Clarendon Press (Oxford, England, 1971), no. 98, pl. 134
  • Marina Henderson, D. G. Rossetti, Academy Editions/St. Martin's Press (London, England and New York, NY, 1973), repr. pg. 47
  • John Nicoll, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Studio Vista (London, 1975), pg. 113, pl. 68
  • George Price Boyce, The Diaries of George Price Boyce, ed. Virginia Surtees, Real World (Norfolk, 1980), pg. 22
  • Judith A. Neiswander, "Imaginative Beauty and Decorative Delight: Two American Collections of the Pre-Raphaelites", Apollo (March 1984), vol. CXIX, no. 265, fig. 11, p. 203
  • Maria Teresa Benedetti, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Casa Editrice G. C. Sansoni (Florence, Italy, 1984), no. 115, repr. p. 206
  • Alicia Craig Faxon, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Abbeville Press (New York, NY, 1989), pl. 129
  • Tanita Hiroyuki, ed., Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Inc. (Tokyo, Japan, 1992), repr. pg. 41
  • Kirsten Hoving Powell, "Object, Symbol, and Metaphor: Rossetti's Musical Imagery", Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies (Spring 1993), n.s., 2, pp. 16-29, pp. 16, 17, 18
  • Lucy Oakley, Unfaded Pageant: Edwin Austin Abbey's Shakespearean Subjects, exh. cat., Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University (New York, 1994), pg. 52, fig. 50
  • David Rodgers, Rossetti, Phaidon Press Limited (London, England, 1996), pp. 58-59, repr. pg. 59
  • Maria Teresa Benedetti, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Charta (Milan, 1998), no. 115, repr. p. 206
  • Eriko Yamaguchi, "Rossetti's Use of Bonnard's 'Costumes Historiques': A Further Examination, The Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies (Fall 2000), vol. 9, p. 17 (R29)
  • Chikashi Kitazaki and Mina Oya, ed., Between Reality and Dreams: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., National Museum of Western Art (Ueno, 2002), cat. no. 10, repr. (color)
  • Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press (U.S.) (New York, 2003), cat. no. 182, repr. (color)
  • Stephan Wolohojian, Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2003), no. 182, repr.
  • Henry Johnson, "Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Japan: The Musical Instrument Depicted in 'The Blue Bower' and 'A Sea-Spell'", Music in Art (Spring-Fall 2005), vol. XXX, no. 1-2, pp. 145-153, p. 145
  • Percy Dearmer, The Folio Book of Carols, Folio Society (London, 2007), repr., frontispiece
  • Old Master & British Paintings Evening Sale, auct. cat., Sotheby's, London (London, December 4, 2013), under cat. no. 48, fig. 4
  • The Poetic World of the Pre-Raphaelites: New Translations, Tsentr knigi Rudomino (Moscow, 2013), repr. in color, pp. 237-238
  • Alastair Grieve, The Best Years of Rossetti's Art, 1846 to 1862, Real World (Norwich, 2017), pp. 409-412

Exhibition History

  • Exhibition, Liverpool Academy, Liverpool Academy, 01/01/1858 - 12/31/1858
  • Winter Exhibition: Works by the Old Masters and by Deceased Masters of the British School, Including a Special Selection from the Works of John Linnell and Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 01/01/1883 - 02/28/1883
  • Unidentified Exhibition, Leeds, Municipal Art Gallery, 1889, Municipal Art Gallery, Leeds, 01/01/1889 - 12/31/1889
  • The Water Colour Art of the 19th Century, The Fine Art Society, London, 01/01/1901 - 01/31/1901
  • Ruskin Exhibition, Manchester City Art Gallery, 04/01/1904 - 06/30/1904
  • Winter Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 09/01/1906 - 12/31/1906
  • Paintings and Drawings of the Pre-Raphaelites and their Circle, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/08/1946 - 06/01/1946
  • The Age of Romanticism, Busch-Reisinger Museum, Cambridge, 03/15/1986 - 05/18/1986
  • Between Reality and Dreams: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 09/14/2002 - 12/08/2002
  • A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, 03/15/2003 - 05/26/2003; National Gallery, London, 06/25/2003 - 09/14/2003; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/23/2003 - 01/25/2004
  • 32Q: 2130 19th Century, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/17/2016 - 04/21/2017

Related Works

Verification Level

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