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Identification and Creation

Object Number
Israël Silvestre, French (Nancy 1621 - 1691 Paris)
Panorama of the Vatican from the Dome of St. Peter's
Work Type
Persistent Link

Physical Descriptions

Graphite, gray and brown wash, and watercolor over traces of black chalk on three joined pieces of cream antique laid paper, framing lines in brown ink, laid down on cream antique laid paper
33.5 x 113.5 cm (13 3/16 x 44 11/16 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: none
  • watermark: crown surmounted by a star [on each joined sheet]


Recorded Ownership History
Montagu Henry Edmund Cecil Towneley-Bertie, 8th Earl of Abingdon and 13th Earl of Lindsey, London and Gilmilnscroft House, East Ayrshire; sale, Sotheby’s, London, 17 July, 1935, part of lot 5; Colnaghi, London (by 1935); Philip and Frances L. Hofer, Boston, gift; to Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Philip Hofer, inv. no. 1961.7

Acquisition and Rights

Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Philip Hofer
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art

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on three sheets of cream antique laid paper: first join at 23 cm from the left edge; second join 44.5 cm further to the right

Publication History

  • Gustavus Mayer, Exhibition of Drawings of Rome and Italy in the XVIIth Century by Israel Silvestre (1621–1691), exh. cat., P. & D. Colnaghi & Co. Ltd. (London, 1935), cat. no. 13, n.p
  • H. Granville Fell, "Drawings by Israel Silvestre, 1621-91", The Connoisseur, Hearst Corporation (New York, 1936), vol. 97, January, pp. 18-22, pp. 21-22
  • Karl T. Parker, Hugh Macandrew, David Blayney Brown, Colin J. Bailey, and Jon Whiteley, Catalogue of the Collection of Drawings in the Ashmolean Museum, The Clarendon Press (Oxford, 1938-2000), vol. 1, p. 160
  • Annemarie Henle, Master Drawings: An Exhibition of Drawings from American Museums and Private Collections, exh. cat., Palace of Fine Arts, Golden Gate International Exposition (San Francisco, 1940), cat. no. 90, p. 97
  • Henry A. Millon, Baroque and Rococo Architecture, George Braziller (New York, 1961), p. 16
  • Henry A. Millon, "An Early Seventeenth-Century Drawing of the Piazza San Pietro", Art Quarterly, Detroit Institute of Arts Founders Society (Detroit, 1962), vol. 25, Autumn, pp. 229-41, pp. 229-41
  • Edmund N. Bacon, Design of Cities, Viking Press (New York, 1967), pp. 118-19
  • Pierre Rosenberg, French Master Drawings of the 17th & 18th Centuries in North American Collections / Dessins français du 17ème & du 18ème siècles des collections américaines, exh. cat., Secker & Warburg (London, 1972-1973), p. 211
  • Timothy K. Kitao, Circle and Oval in the Square of Saint Peter's: Bernini's Art of Planning, New York University Press and College Art Association of America (New York, 1974), p. 129-n.241
  • Jacques Thuillier, Claude Lorrain e i pittori lorenesi in Italia nel XVII secolo, exh. cat., De Luca (Rome, 1982), p. 362
  • Maria Luisa Scalvini, Le città immaginate: un viaggio in Italia, nove progetti per nove città, exh. cat., Electa (Milan, 1987), vol. 1, p. 34
  • Charles B. McClendon, "The History of the Site of St. Peter's Basilica, Rome", Perspecta, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, 1989), vol. 25, pp. 32-65, p. 41
  • Hilliard T. Goldfarb, From Fontainebleau to the Louvre: French Drawing from the Seventeenth-Century, exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art/Indiana University Press (Cleveland, 1989), p. 91
  • Kirk Varnedoe, A Fine Disregard: What Makes Modern Art Modern, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, 1990), p. 42
  • Tod A. Marder, Bernini's Scala Regia at the Vatican Palace, Cambridge University Press (New York, 1997), p. 73
  • Tod A. Marder, Bernini and the Art of Architecture, Abbeville Press (New York, 1998), p. 73
  • Henry A. Millon, ed., The Triumph of the Baroque: Architecture in Europe, 1600-1750, exh. cat., Rizzoli (New York, 1999), cat. no. 6, pp. 78-79, 428
  • Sarah McPhee, Bernini and the Bell Towers: Architecture and Politics at the Vatican, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven and London, 2002), pp. 54, 63, 73, 77-78
  • Dorothy Metzger Habel, The Urban Development of Rome in the Age of Alexander VII, Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, 2002), p. 266
  • Alvin L. Clark, Jr. and Edouard Kopp, French Drawings from the Age of Claude, Poussin, Watteau, and Fragonard: Highlights from the Collection of the Harvard Art Museums, Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2022), cat. no. 33, repr.; detail repr p. 107

Exhibition History

  • Exhibition of Drawings of Rome and Italy in the XVIIth Century by Israel Silvestre (1621–1691), P. & D. Colnaghi & Co. Ltd., 10/01/1935 - 11/01/1935
  • Master Drawings: An Exhibition of Drawings from American Museums and Private Collections, California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, 01/01/1940 - 12/31/1940
  • The Triumph of the Baroque: Architecture in Europe 1600-1750, The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, 12/09/1999 - 04/09/2000
  • Rome: Eternal City, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/20/2018 - 05/06/2018

Verification Level

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at