- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
- Brick Stamp of T. Greius Ianuarius
- Brick Stamps
- Work Type
- brick stamp
- 60-93 CE
- Creation Place: Ancient & Byzantine World, Europe, Latium
- Roman Imperial period, Early
- Persistent Link
- Physical Descriptions
- 16.5 x 11.6 x 4.2 cm (6 1/2 x 4 9/16 x 1 5/8 in.)
- Inscriptions and Marks
- inscription: Inscription: T GREI IANVARI EX F C D [d] / V Q F
- Acquired by Henry W. Haynes in or near Rome, c. 1877.
Bequest of Henry W. Haynes to Department of the Classics, 1912.
Transfer from Department of the Classics, 1977.
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Transfer from the Department of the Classics, Harvard University, Bequest of Henry W. Haynes, 1912
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- Asian and Mediterranean Art
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- Upper Line: v(aleat) q(ui) f(ecit)
Lower Line: T. Grei Ianuari ex f(igilinis) C(aninianis) d(uorum) D(omitiorum)
("May the person who made (this) be well! (brick) of Titus Greius Ianuarius, from the Caninian brickyards belonging to the two Domitii.")
The last D had been broken off but may be supplied from other copies of this stamp. The family of the Domitii owned brickyards around Rome and this master, T. Greius Ianuarius, worked between 60 and 93 CE for two brothers, adopted sons of Domitius Afer (d. 59 CE). The grand-daughter of one was the mother of the emperor Marcus Aurelius, who thus inherited the yards, perhaps about 155 CE. Pieces of brick were used to face concrete walls and stamps such as this one therefore serve to date the construction of buildings.
- LIVE LIKE A ROMAN: DAILY LIFE OBJECT COLLECTION
Pieces of brick were used to face concrete walls, and stamps such as this one therefore serve to date the construction of buildings.
Most brick stamps were rectangular and made of bronze. The letters were often in all capitals, cast in raised relief. Stamps were used for marking a wide variety of materials, such as bricks, amphorae, tiles, lamps, and other ceramic vessels. Sometimes even bread was stamped. Though the Greeks were known to stamp tiles, most of the evidence for the rise of Roman stamps comes from the third century BCE.
The stamp would usually name the maker or exporter of the product, as seen with the COSSINI EVTVCHIANI stamp in this collection. The name of the person is in the genitive case to show possession.
The family of the Domitii owned brickyards around Rome and this master, T. Greius Ianuarius, worked between 60 and 93 CE for two brothers, adopted sons of Domitius Afer (d. 59 AD). The grand-daughter of one was the mother of the emperor Marcus Aurelius, who thus inherited the yards, perhaps about 155 CE.
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