- Gallery Text
This large ivory of the crucified Christ, likely from the colonial Spanish Philippines, is not only shaped by an impressive array of cultural influences, but may also be one of the Fogg Museum’s most well-traveled objects. Statues such as this one were made of African or Thai ivory that was shipped to the Philippines by European merchants, then carved there for Spanish Catholic patrons by Chinese immigrant artists known as Sangleys. These sculptors used Netherlandish prints and religious figurines brought by missionaries as their models, while retaining the aesthetic sensibilities and carving styles they had acquired in local workshops. Hispano-Philippine religious ivories, sometimes used in the conversion of local populations to Catholicism, were more typically exported to supply New World and European demand for Asian luxury goods. This crucifix was probably first sold to a wealthy individual in colonial Mexico. At an unspecified later date it was sent to Spain, effectively completing its lengthy circumnavigation of the globe.
- Identification and Creation
- Object Number
- Crucified Christ
- Other Titles
- Alternate Title: Carved Crucifix
- Work Type
- figure, sculpture
- c. 1600-1650
- Creation Place: Southeast Asia, Philippines
- Persistent Link
Level 2, Room 2500, European Art, 13th–16th century, Art and Image in Europe
View this object's location on our interactive map
- Physical Descriptions
- Polychromed ivory with traces of gilding
- 62.5 × 68 × 13 cm (24 5/8 × 26 3/4 × 5 1/8 in.)
framed: 124.5 × 83 × 18.5 cm (49 × 32 11/16 × 7 5/16 in.)
- Grenville L. Winthrop, New York, NY, bequest; to the Fogg Art Museum, 1943.
- Acquisition and Rights
- Credit Line
- Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
- Accession Year
- Object Number
- European and American Art
- THIS WORK MAY NOT BE LENT BY THE TERMS OF ITS ACQUISITION TO THE HARVARD ART MUSEUMS.
- The Harvard Art Museums encourage the use of images found on this website for personal, noncommercial use, including educational and scholarly purposes. To request a higher resolution file of this image, please submit an online request.
- Ivory figure of crucified Christ. Hands and feet are pierced, and nails are in place to affix the sculpture to a vertical surface. A deep groove is present at the top of the figure's head. Christ's hair, beard, pupils and eyelashes are painted in brownish black. His lips and wound on the right side of his torso are painted in red. The loincloth is decorated with geometric and floral patterns, which are painted in red and gilded. Traces of red paint, indicating blood, appear on the figure's forehead, face, neck, arms, hands, torso, legs, and feet.
- Publication History
Adam Jasienski, "Life of an Object: 1943.1082", Index, Harvard Art Museums (https://harvardartmuseums.org/article/life-of-an-object-1943-1082, October 9, 2013), [accessed October 16, 2013]
Jessie Park, "Made by Migrants: Southeast Asian Ivories for Local and Global Markets, ca. 1590-1640", The Art Bulletin (December 2020), 102: 4, pp. 66-89, pp. 67-70, 78-82, 86 (notes 5-7, 11-12), fig. 1; details: figs. 2, 3, 10, 11, 20
- Exhibition History
32Q: 2500 Renaissance, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/16/2014 - 01/01/2050
- Subjects and Contexts
Google Art Project
This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at firstname.lastname@example.org