Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American (Lowell, MA 1834 - 1903 London, England)
Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Gardens
Other Titles
Former Title: Cremorne No. 1
Work Type
c. 1872-1875
Creation Place: North America, United States
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Oil on canvas
50.8 x 77.5 cm (20 x 30 1/2 in.)
framed: 81.3 x 106.7 x 5.7 cm (32 x 42 x 2 1/4 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • label: strainer (now in curatorial file), paper, printed and handwritten: No. 424.
  • inscription: verso, left side of frame, red chalk: X
  • label: verso, bottom of frame, serrated edges with printed text: 20
  • label: verso, top strecher bar, printed label: Scott & Fowles / 667 Fifth Avenue / NEW YORK / No. [handwritten, black ink:] 424
  • label: verso, lower left of frame, printed text: FOORD & DICKINSON, / Carvers & Gilders, / 90, Wardour Street. W. / DRAWINGS MOUNTED. / PICTURES CLEANED AND RESTORED.
  • inscription: on old backing board, now removed:
    [printed:] SCOTT & FOWLES / 745 FIFTH AVENUE / NEW YORK / CABLE ADDRESS "SCOLES, NEW YORK" / [typewritten:] CREMORNE #1 / PAINTED by JAMES MCNEILL WHISTLER, c.1877. / (b.1834 - d.1903) / FORMERLY in the COLLECTION of the late WILLIAM B. PATERSON, London. / FORMERLY in the COLLECTION of MRS. ALEXANDER ARGENTI. / FORMERLY in the COLLECTION of JOHN CALVOCARESSI. / EXHIBITED at the MEMORIAL EXHIBITION, organized by the INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY / of SCULPTORS, PAINTERS and GRAVERS, London, 1905, no.21, p.82. / RECORDED: Graves, Algernon: A century of loan exhibitions 1813-1912, v.IV, p.1657. / New Gallery Exhibition, 1905. #21 - Cremorne #1. 19 1/2 x 30. / Loaned by Mrs. Alexander Argenti. RECORDED: Sickert, B.: Whistler, 1908, p. 157, no.51. / ILLUSTRATED in Pennell, E.R. & J.: The life of James McNeill Whistler, 1908, / v.1, p. 164. / "As the light fades and the shadows deepen, all the petty and exacting details / vanish; everything trivial disappears, and I see things as they are, in great, / strong masses; the buttons are lost, but the garment remains; the garment is lost, / but the sitter remains; the sitter is lost, but the shadow remains; the shadow is / lost, but the picture remains. And that, night cannot efface from the painter's / imagination." / Seitz, Don Carlos: Whistler stories ..., 1913, p.120. / N.B. The following information was supplied by the late Wm. B. Paterson: "Cremorne No.1. Exhibited at the Memorial Exhibition of J. McNeill Whistler. / Organized by the International Society of Sculptors, Painters & Gravers. London, / 1905 (February & March). / The gardens backed by dense masses of foliage are illuminated. Figures are / seen moving about, amongst them waiters in red. Jackets. Two women dressed in white / are seen, one of whom seems to be picking up a handkerchief. In the foreground a / number of chairs & tables. The frame is original, and designed by Whistler. The / picture was painted for John Calvocaressi. (Lent by Mrs. Alexander Argenti). / H. 19 1/2, B.30. Catalogue. Page 82. No.21.
  • label: on old backing board, now removed: Scott & Fowles / 667 Fifth Avenue / NEW YORK / No. [handwritten, black ink:] 424
The artist, to John Calvocaressi. Mrs. Alexander Argenti, London, 1905. William B. Paterson, London; to his estate; to [Scott and Fowles, New York, 1927], sold; to Grenville Lindall Winthrop, December 7, 1934, bequest to Fogg Art Museum, 1943
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

New Gallery, Memorial Exhibition of the Works of the Late J. McNeill Whistler, exh. cat. (London, England, 1905), no. 21, p. 82

Elizabeth Robins Pennell and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, J. B. Lippincott/W. Heinemann (Philadelphia, PA and London, England, 1908), v. I, p. 164, reproduced

Bernhard Sickert, Whistler, Duckworth & Co. (London, England, 1908), p. 157, no. 51

Algernon Graves, Century of Loan Exhibitions, 1813-1912 (London, England, 1913 - 1915), vol. IV, p. 1657

Andrew McLaren Young and Margaret F. MacDonald, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, Yale University Press (New Haven, 1980), no. 163, p. 93, vol. I; pl. 89, reproduced in b/w vol. II

David Park Curry, James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art, exh. cat., Freer Gallery of Art / W.W. Norton & Co. (New York and Washington, DC, 1984), reproduced b/w fig. 217, p. 83

Natalie Spassky, Linda Bantel, Doreen Bolger Burke, Meg Perlman, and Amy L. Walsh, American Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Volume II: A Catalogue of Works by Artists Born between 1816 and 1845, ed. Kathleen Luhrs, The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Princeton University Press (New York, 1985), p. 367

Isabelle Enaud Lechien, James Whistler: Le paintre et le polémiste, ACR PocheCouleur (Paris, France, 1995), pp. 76-78, reproduced in color, p. 77

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr., Virginia Anderson, and Kimberly Orcutt, ed., American Paintings at Harvard, Volume Two, Paintings, Drawings, Pastels and Stained Glass by Artists Born 1826-1856, Harvard Art Museums and Yale University Press (U.S.) (Cambridge, MA and New Haven, CT, 2008), p. 410-11, cat. no. 439, reproduced in color, p. 410

Exhibition History

Unidentified Exhibition, Royal Society of British Artists, 1887, Royal Society of British Artists, London, 01/01/1887 - 12/31/1887

Memorial Exhibition of the Works of the late James McNeill Whistler: First President of the International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, New Gallery, London, 02/22/1905 - 04/15/1905

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at