Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
John Smibert, American (Edinburgh, Scotland 1688 - 1751 Boston, MA)
After Anthony van Dyck, Flemish (Antwerp, Belgium 1599 - 1641 London)
Previously attributed to John Trumbull, American (Lebanon, CT 1756 - 1843 New York, NY)
Cardinal Guido Bentivoglio (1579-1644), after Van Dyck
Work Type
c. 1719-1720
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Oil on canvas
75.8 x 63.4 cm (29 13/16 x 24 15/16 in.)
framed: 97.5 x 85.1 x 7.6 cm (38 3/8 x 33 1/2 x 3 in.)
Estate of John Smibert; purchased by John Trumbull, 1778; gift of John Trumbull to Harvard University, 1789 transferred; to the Fogg Art Museum, 1969
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Transfer from Harvard University Portrait Collection, Gift of John Trumbull to Harvard College, 1791
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

Augustus Thorndyke Perkins, "Portraits by Smibert", Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Massachusetts Historical Society (Boston, MA, 1878), vol. 16, pp. 392-399, pp. 393-394

Jared B. Flagg, The Life and Letters of Washington Allston, Charles Scribner's Sons (New York, NY, 1892), p. 13

William Garrott Brown, A List of Portraits in the Various Buildings of Harvard University, Harvard University Library (Cambridge, MA, 1898), p. 8

Letters and Papers of John Singleton Copley and Henry Pelham, Kennedy Galleries, Inc. (New York, 1914 reprint), p. 240

George Vertue, Note books, The Walpole Society (Oxford, 1930-1955), vol. 3, p. 14

Theodore Bolton, "John Smibert: Notes and a Catalogue", The Fine Arts (August 1933)

Laura M. Huntsinger, Harvard Portraits: A Catalogue of Portrait Paintings at Harvard University, ed. Alan Burroughs, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1936), pp. 17-18

Alan Burroughs, Limners and Likenesses: Three Centuries of American Painting, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1936), p. 41

Oskar Hagen, The Birth of the American Tradition in Art, Charles Scribner's Sons (New York, NY, 1940), p. 46, fig. 54

A. Hyatt Mayor, "Early American Painters in England", Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, American Philosophical Society (Philadelphia, PA, July 14, 1943), vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 105-109, p. 105

Henry Wilder Foote, John Smibert, painter; with a descriptive catalogue of portraits and notes on the work of Nathaniel Smibert, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1950), pp. 13-14, 124-129, 229

Theodore R. Sizer, The Autobiography of Colonel John Trumbull, Patriot-Artist, 1746-1843, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven, CT, 1953)

Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, John Trumbull, Painter-Patriot: An Exhibition Organized to Honor the Bicentennial of the Artist's Birth, exh. cat., Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art (Hartford, CT, 1956), p. 11, ill.

H. Wade White, "Recent Accessions: A Harvard-Yale Association Item", Fogg Art Museum Newsletter, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, October 1967), vol. V, no. 1, fig. 1

Theodore R. Sizer, The Works of Colonel John Trumbull, Yale University Press (New Haven, CT, 1967), p. 20, fig. 5

Annals of America, Encyclopaedia Britannica (Chicago, IL, 1968 - 1969), v. III, ill.

William Dunlap, History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States, Dover Publications Inc. (New York, 1969), vol. I, pp. 21-22

Joseph T. Butler, "The American Way with Art", The Connoisseur, Connoisseur (September 1972), ill p. 54

Kenyon Castle Bolton, III, Peter G. Huenink, Earl A. Powell III, Harry Z. Rand, and Nanette C. Sexton, American Art at Harvard, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1972), cat. 20, ill.

Irma B. Jaffe, John Trumbull: Patriot-Artist of the American Revolution, New York Graphic Society (Boston, 1975), p. 40

Irma B. Jaffe, "Found: John Smibert's Portrait of Cardinal Guido Bentivoglio", Art Journal, College Art Association of America (New York, Spring 1976), vol. XXXV, no. 3, pp. 210-215, ill. p. 211

William H. Gerdts and Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr., "A Man of Genius": The Art of Washington Allston (1779-1843), exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Boston, MA, 1979), p. 15

Richard H. Saunders, "John Smibert (1688-1751): Anglo-American portrait painter" (1979), Yale University

Miles Chappell, "A Note on John Smibert's Italian Sojourn", The Art Bulletin, College Art Association of America (New York, March 1982), vol. LXIV, no. 1, pp. 132-138, fig. 1

Richard H. Saunders, "John Smibert's Italian Sojourn - Once Again", The Art Bulletin, College Art Association of America (New York, June 1984), vol. LXVI, no. 2, pp. 312-318, p. 315, fig. 7

Richard H. Saunders and Ellen G. Miles, American Colonial Portraits: 1700-1776, exh. cat., Smithsonian Institution Press (1987), pp. 113-114, p. 100, cat. 14, ill.

Richard H. Saunders, John Smibert: Colonial America's First Portrait Painter, The Barra Foundation/Yale University Press (New Haven, CT and London, England, 1995), pp. 30, 67, 125, 208-209, 253, pl. 4, cat. 140, ill.

Jane Turner, The Encyclopedia of American Art before 1914, Macmillan Publishers Limited (London, England, 2000), p. 470

Jules David Prown, Art as Evidence: Writings on Art and Material Culture, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven and London, 2001), p. 135

Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr. and Melissa Renn, American Paintings at Harvard, Volume One: Paintings, Watercolors, and Pastels by Artists Born before 1826, Yale University Press (U.S.) and Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge and New Haven, 2014), pp. 23, 431-32, cat. 393, ill.

Jonathan Shaw and Jennifer Carling, "The Lost Museum: Teachings of the Philosophy Chamber, Recreated", Harvard Magazine (Cambridge, MA, 2017), pp. 42-49, p. 46

Ethan Lasser, ed., The Philosophy Chamber: Art and Science in Harvard’s Teaching Cabinet, 1766–1820, exh. cat., Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2017), p. 108, Plate 44; ; p. 262 in Andrew Gelfand's "Chronology"

Exhibition History

Unidentified Exhibition, John Smibert's Studio, 1730, John Smibert's Studio, Boston, 03/01/1730 - 03/31/1730

Annual Exhibition, Boston Athenaeum, 1827, Boston Athenaeum, Boston, 01/01/1827 - 12/31/1827

John Trumbull, Painter-Patriot, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, 10/10/1956 - 11/25/1956

American Art at Harvard, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/19/1972 - 06/18/1972

The Persistence of Memory: Continuity and Change in American Cultures, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 07/29/1995 - 05/13/2001

The Philosophy Chamber: Art and Science in Harvard’s Teaching Cabinet, 1766–1820, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/19/2017 - 12/31/2017; The Hunterian Art Gallery, Glasgow, 04/17/2018 - 07/15/2018

Related Works

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at