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Identification and Creation

Object Number
Gilbert Stuart, American (North Kingstown, RI 1755 - 1828 Boston, MA)
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) (The Medallion Portrait)
Work Type
Creation Place: North America, United States
Persistent Link


Level 2, Room 2240, European and American Art, 17th–19th century, The Arts in the Eighteenth–Century Atlantic World
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Physical Descriptions

Oil and egg mixture on blue laid paper on canvas
47.6 x 47.6 cm (18 3/4 x 18 3/4 in.)
framed: 68 x 68.6 x 10.2 cm (26 3/4 x 27 x 4 in.)


Recorded Ownership History
From the artist to the sitter, Thomas Jefferson, 1805; to daughter Martha Jefferson Randolph; to her daughter Ellen Wayles Randolph Coolidge; to her son Thomas Jefferson Coolidge; to his daughter Sarah Lawrence Coolidge Newbold; to his son Thomas Jefferson Newbold, Harvard class of 1910, 1917; to his wife, Mrs. Thomas Jefferson Newbold; her gift to the Fogg Art Museum, 1960.

Acquisition and Rights

Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of Mrs. T. Jefferson Newbold and family, in memory of Thomas Jefferson Newbold, Class of 1910
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art

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Publication History

  • Karl Bernhard, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Travels through North America, during the years 1825 and 1826, Carey, Lea and Carey (Philadelphia, PA, 1828), see under 11/26/1825
  • Clarence Winthrop Bowen, ed., History of the Centennial Celebration of the Inauguration of George Washington, D. Appleton & Co. (New York, NY, 1892), p. 485
  • George C. Mason, The Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart, Charles Scribner's Sons (New York, NY, 1894), pp. 207-208
  • Charles Henry Hart, "Life Portraits of Thomas Jefferson", McClure's Magazine (May 1898), p. 48
  • Lawrence Park, Gilbert Stuart: An lllustrated Descriptive List of His Works, vol. I - IV, W. E. Rudge (New York, NY, 1926), vol. I, p. 440, no. 442; vol. III, ill. p. 266
  • Historical Records Survey, Division of Professional and Service Projects, Works Progress Administration, American Portraits, 1620-1825, found in Massachusetts, Volumes 1 and 2, Historical Records Survey (Boston, MA, 1939), p. 222, cat. 1173
  • Thomas Jefferson Bicentennial Exhibition, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C, 1943), no. 8
  • Fiske Kimball, "Life Portraits of Thomas Jefferson and Their Replicas", Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (1944), p. 521
  • "Notes on the Medallion Portrait of Thomas Jefferson by Gilbert Stuart", Unpublished (1957)
  • "Accessions of American and Canadian Museums, July-September 1960", The Art Quarterly (Winter 1960), vol. XXIII, no. 4, ill. p. 398
  • Dorothy Adlow, "'Jefferson' Given to Harvard", The Christian Science Monitor (July 1, 1960), ill. p. 1
  • Jules David Prown, "Medallion Life Portrait of Jefferson, Painted by Gilbert Stuart 1805", Harvard Alumni Bulletin (Cambridge, MA, September 24, 1960), ill. p. 15
  • Alfred L. Bush, The Life Portraits of Thomas Jefferson, exh. cat., Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation (Charlottesville, VA, 1962), pp. 6, 75-77, no. 20, ill. p. 74
  • Stephen Xydis, "Classical Greek Tradition in Colonial America", Greek Heritage (After July 1964)
  • Kenyon Castle Bolton, III, Peter G. Huenink, Earl A. Powell III, Harry Z. Rand, and Nanette C. Sexton, American Art at Harvard, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1972), cat. 24, ill.
  • Fiske Kimball, "The Stuart Portraits of Jefferson", Gazette des Beaux-Arts (June 1973), p. 343, 348
  • Karl Lehmann, Thomas Jefferson: American Humanist, University of Chicago Press (Chicago, IL and London, England, 1973), frontispiece
  • Louise Todd Ambler, Benjamin Franklin: A Perspective, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1975), pp. 100, 142, no. 86, ill. p. 100
  • Agnes Mongan, Harvard Honors Lafayette, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1975), no. 35, ill.
  • Clifford L. Egan, Neither Peace Nor War : Franco-American relations, 1803-1812, Louisiana State University Press (Baton Rouge, LA, 1983), ill. opp. p. 78
  • Richard McLanathan, Gilbert Stuart, Harry N. Abrams, Inc./National Museum of American Art (New York, NY and Washington DC, 1986), ill. p. 122
  • Mary Crawford Volk, John Singer Sargent's El Jaleo, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C, 1992), p. 70, fig. 40
  • David L. Ganz, "The New Jefferson", COINage, Miller Magazines, Inc. (June 1994), vol. 30, no. 6, p. 96
  • Carrie Rebora Barratt and Ellen G. Miles, Gilbert Stuart, exh. cat., Metropolitan Museum of Art / Yale University Press (New York, 2004), p. 284, fig. 79
  • Susan Rather, "Contrary Stuart", American Art (Spring 2010), vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 66-93, p. 85, fig. 15
  • Ann Lucas Birle and Lisa A. Francavilla, ed., Thomas Jefferson's Granddaughter in Queen Victoria's England: The Travel Diary of Ellen Wayles Coolidge, 1838-1839, Massachusetts Historical Society and Thomas Jefferson Foundation, Inc. (Boston and Charlottesville, 2011), repr. as fig. 14
  • Ellen Wayles Randolph Coolidge, Thomas Jefferson's Granddaughter in Queen Victoria's England: The Travel Diary of Ellen Wayles Coolidge, 1838-1839, ed. Ann Lucas Birle and Lisa A. Francavilla, Massachusetts Historical Society (Boston, MA, 2011), pp. x, xvii, 18, fig. 14
  • Theodore E. Stebbins, Jr. and Melissa Renn, American Paintings at Harvard, Volume One: Paintings, Watercolors, and Pastels by Artists Born before 1826, Yale University Press (U.S.) and Harvard Art Museums (Cambridge and New Haven, 2014), p. 33, 450-51, cat. 416, ill.
  • Murray Whyte, "A History of Slavery, Vivdly Alive in the Present at Harvard", The Boston Globe (March 17, 2019), pp. N1, N6, p. N6
  • Lloyd DeWitt and Corey Piper, Thomas Jefferson Architect: Palladian Models, Democratic Principles, and the Conflict of Ideals, exh. cat., Chrysler Museum of Art (Norfolk, VA, 2019), p. 120, plate 1
  • James P. McClure, ed., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Volume 46 ; 4 March to 30 June 1802, Princeton University Press (Princeton and Oxford, 2022), repr., np.

Exhibition History

  • Unidentified Exhibition, Boston Athenaeum, 1828, Boston Athenaeum, Boston, 01/01/1828 - 12/31/1828
  • Loan Exhibition of Stuart's Works, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 05/01/1880 - 05/31/1880
  • Thomas Jefferson Bicentennial Exhibition, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 04/13/1943 - 05/15/1943
  • American Art at Harvard, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/19/1972 - 06/18/1972
  • Benjamin Franklin: A Perspective, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/17/1975 - 09/22/1975
  • Harvard Honors Lafayette, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 12/03/1975 - 03/12/1976
  • Gilbert Stuart, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/18/2004 - 01/16/2005; National Gallery of Art, Washington, 03/27/2005 - 07/31/2005
  • Thomas Jefferson 264th Birthday Commemoration, Monticello, 04/13/2007 - 07/24/2013
  • 32Q: 2240 18th Century, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/16/2014 - 09/05/2019; Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 09/11/2023 - 07/15/2024
  • Thomas Jefferson Architect: Palladian Models, Democratic Principles, and the Conflict of Ideals, Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, 10/19/2019 - 01/19/2020

Subjects and Contexts

  • Google Art Project

Related Works

Verification Level

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