Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Woman Applying Kohl, painting from the Salim Album
Work Type
c. 1590
Creation Place: South Asia, India
Mughal period
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper; Mughal Style
image with border: 17.2 x 9.6 cm (6 3/4 x 3 3/4 in.)
Stuart Cary Welch (by 1983 - 2008), by descent; to his estate (2008-2009,) gift; to Harvard Art Museum.

Object was part of long-term loan to Museum in 1983.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, The Stuart Cary Welch Collection, Gift of Edith I. Welch in memory of Stuart Cary Welch
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Against a seafoam green background stands a female figure. She wears a chaniya choli, which consists of a yellow crop top and a long, red skirt, and shoes decorated with pearls. Covering her head, draped around her shoulders, and cascading down her back is a translucent red shawl. Two large black tassels hang from her waist. She is adorned with necklaces, bracelets, an armlet, earrings, and a head ornament. With her left hand she holds up a mirror to her face, while her right hand applies kohl to her eyes. Her long, black hair falls behind her back, nearly to her feet, with an ornament at the end. The painting is set within a pasted border of gold flowers on red-dyed paper. Above and below the border are two blocks, each consisting of Persian calligraphy written in nasta‘liq script. The pasted outer border is made of brown-dyed paper decorated with gold flowers. Mughal Style.
Publication History

Stuart Cary Welch, "Mughal and Deccani Miniature Paintings From a Private Collection", Ars Orientalis; The Arts of Islam and the East, Freer Gallery of Art / Smithsonian Institution (Washington, D.C., 1963), Vol. 5, 221 - 233, p. 225, no. 6; pl. 3, fig. 4

Michael Brand and Glenn D. Lowry, Akbar's India: Art from the Mughal City of Victory, exh. cat., Asia Society Galleries (New York, 1985), p. 81 - 82, fig. 50; p. 149, no. 50

Samina Quraeshi, Lahore: The City Within, Concept Media Pte Ltd (Singapore, 1988), p. 84

Elaine Wright, Muraqqa': Imperial Mughal Albums from the Chester Beatty Library, Dublin, exh. cat., Art Services International (Alexandria, VA, 2008), p. 458, no. 28

Exhibition History

Anvari's Divan: A Pocket Book for Akbar, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 02/07/1984 - 03/28/1984

Akbar's India: Art from the Mughal City of Victory, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/24/1986 - 03/16/1986

Where Traditions Meet: Painting in India from the 15th-17th Centuries, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 06/05/2003 - 12/07/2003

32Q: 2590 South and Southeast Asia, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 04/26/2016 - 11/02/2016

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at