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Identification and Creation

Object Number
Attributed to Fazl, Indian
Lakshmana and Sita (text, recto; painting, verso); folio from an illustrated manuscript of the Razmnama (Persian translation of the Mahabharata)
Other Titles
Former Title: Sita Discovered; from a Razmnama made for the Khan Khanan
Work Type
manuscript folio
c. 1616-1617
Creation Place: South Asia, India
Mughal period
Persistent Link

Physical Descriptions

Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper
38.5 x 23.5 cm (15 3/16 x 9 1/4 in.)


Recorded Ownership History
Stuart Cary Welch (by 1983 - 2008,) by descent; to his estate (2008-2009,) gift; to Harvard Art Museum.

Object was part of long-term loan to Museum in 1983.

Acquisition and Rights

Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, The Stuart Cary Welch Collection, Gift of Edith I. Welch in memory of Stuart Cary Welch
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art

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Publication History

  • Stuart Cary Welch, "Mughal and Deccani Miniature Paintings From a Private Collection", Ars Orientalis; The Arts of Islam and the East, Freer Gallery of Art / Smithsonian Institution (Washington, D.C., 1963), Vol. 5, 221 - 233, pp. 228-230, no. 15, fig. 16, pl.10
  • Stuart Cary Welch, The Art of Mughal India: Painting & Precious Objects, exh. cat., Harry N. Abrams, Inc. and Asia Society Museum (New York, NY, 1963), p. 168, no. 33, pl. 33
  • Milo Cleveland Beach, Rajput Painting at Bundi and Kotah, Artibus Asiae Publishers (Ascona, Switzerland, 1974), p. 8; pl. X, fig. 7
  • John Seyller, "Model and Copy: The Illustration of Three 'Razmnama' Manuscripts", Archives of Asian Art (1985), vol. 38, pp. 37-66, p. 64, no. 33

Exhibition History

  • Where Traditions Meet: Painting in India from the 15th-17th Centuries, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 06/05/2003 - 12/07/2003
  • The Rama Epic: Hero, Heroine, Ally, Foe, Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, San Francisco, 10/21/2016 - 01/15/2017

Verification Level

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