Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Attributed to Bihzad, Islamic (15th -16th century)
Portrait of Sultan Husayn Mirza, folio from an album
Work Type
album folio
Creation Place: Central Asia, Afghanistan, Herat
Timurid period
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Ink, color and gold on paper; pricked
folio: 34.3 x 32.7 cm (13 1/2 x 12 7/8 in.)
frame: 57.5 x 43.5 cm (22 5/8 x 17 1/8 in.)
Fredrik Robert Martin, Sweden, (by 1912-1929). Louis Cartier Collection, Paris (1929-1958). John Goelet, New York (1958), gift; to the Fogg Art Museum.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of John Goelet, formerly in the collection of Louis J. Cartier
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Publication History

F.R. Martin, The Miniature Painting and Painters of Persia, India and Turkey, from the 8th to the 18th century, B. Quaritch (London, England, 1912), vol. II, pl. 81

Armenag Sakisian, La Miniature Persane du XIIe au XVIIe Siecle, Les Editions G. van Oest (Paris, France, 1929), p. 37, figure 59

Laurence Binyon and J. V. S. Wilkinson, Persian Miniature Painting: Including a Critical and Descriptive Catalogue of the Miniatures Exhibited at Burlington House, January-March, 1931, exh. cat., Oxford University Press (NY) and Oxford University Press (UK) (London, England, 1933), no. 89

Marianna Shreve Simpson, Arab and Persian Painting in the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1980), pp. 10, 34, 51, 76-77, no. 26, ill.

Thomas W. Lentz and Glenn D. Lowry, Timur and the Princely Vision: Persian Art and Culture in the Fifteenth Century, exh. cat., Museum Associates (Los Angeles, CA, 1989), pp242-243, 356, cat. no. 136

Layla S. Diba, "Clothing", Encyclopaedia Iranica, Volume V, ed. Ehsan Yarshater, Mazda Publishers (1992), p. 783, plate XCVII

Annemarie Schimmel, Terres d'Islam: Aux Sources de l'Orient Musulman, Maisonneuve et Larose (Paris, France, 1994), Pg. 56

Wheeler Thackston, ed., The Baburnama: Memoirs of Babur, prince and emperor, Freer/Sackler Galleries, Smithsonian Institution (Washington, D.C., 1996), P. 205

"Disorderly Conduct?: F.R. Martin and the Bahram Mirza Album", Muqarnas (New Haven : Yale University Press, 1998), pp. 15, 32-57, p.39, Fig. 13

40 Years On... Donations by John Goelet: Sculpture, Paintings and Drawings, Miniatures and Calligraphy, Tankas and Mandala, M. T. Train and Scala Books (New York, NY, 2000), page 173, 240

Selmin Kangal, ed., The Sultan's Portrait: Picturing the House of Osman, exh. cat., Isbank (Istanbul, Turkey, 2000), page 26/figure 2

Ernst Grube and Renzo Zorzi, "Il Ritratto Nel Mondo Musulmano", Le Metamorfosi del Ritratto, Leo S. Olschki (Firenze, 2002), pp. 181-202, fig. 3

Afghanistan: une histoire millenaire, exh. cat., Fundació la Caixa (Paris, France, 2002), page 61, 177/figure 146

Eleanor Sims, Boris I. Marshak, and Ernst Grube, Peerless Images: Persian Painting and its Sources, Yale University Press (U.S.) (New Haven; London, 2002), p. 269-270, fig. 186

Studies In Islamic and Later Indian Art From the Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Harvard University Art Museums, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 2002), page 48/figure 5 and frontispiece

David Roxburgh, ed., Turks: A Journey of a Thousand Years, 600 - 1600, exh. cat., Royal Academy of Arts (London, 2005), p 239/ fig 200

Chris Dercon, León Krempel, and Avinoam Shalem, ed., The future of tradition - the tradition of future : 100 years after the exhibition Masterpieces of Muhammadan Art in Munich, exh. cat., Prestel Verlag (München, Germany, 2010), pp. 111-116, cat. no. 22

Mika Natif, Mughal Occidentalism: Artistic Encounters between Europe and Asia at the Courts of India, 1580-1630, Brill Academic Publishers (Leiden) (Leiden, 2018), fig. 98

Cartier and Islamic Art: In Search of Modernity (London, Thames & Hudson, 2021)., p. 80, ill.; pp. 298-299, no. 24

Exhibition History

Portraiture in Iran and India, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 12/09/1983 - 02/01/1984

Early Safavid Painting 1501 - 1576, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 02/21/1987 - 04/12/1987

The House of Timur: Princely Arts in Fifteenth-Century Iran and Central Asia, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Washington, 04/14/1989 - 07/06/1989; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, 08/13/1989 - 11/05/1989

Linear Graces ... and Disgraces: Part II, Drawings from the Courts of Persia, Turkey, and India, 15th-19th Centuries, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 12/26/1994 - 03/05/1995

Sewn Together With Peace of Mind, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 03/29/1997 - 06/08/1997

The Enlightened Eye: Gifts from John Goelet, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 02/12/2000 - 05/07/2000

Turkic Art 600 - 1600 From Central Asia to the Golden Horn, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 01/22/2005 - 04/12/2005

The Future of Tradition - The Tradition of Future: 100 Years After the Exhibition "Masterpieces of Muhammadan Art" in Munich, Haus der Kunst München, Munich, 09/17/2010 - 01/09/2011

A New Light on Bernard Berenson: Persian Paintings from Villa I Tatti, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 05/20/2017 - 08/13/2017

Cartier and Islamic Art: In Search of Modernity, Musée des Arts Decoratifs, 10/21/2021 - 02/20/2022

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at