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Identification and Creation

Object Number
Illuminated firman (royal decree) with ornamental tughra of Sultan Ahmed III (r.1703-1730)
Work Type
Creation Place: Middle East, Türkiye (Turkey)
Ottoman period
Persistent Link

Physical Descriptions

Ink, colors and gold on paper
124 x 50.2 cm (48 13/16 x 19 3/4 in.)
frame: 162.6 x 66 x 4.8 cm (64 x 26 x 1 7/8 in.)


Recorded Ownership History
[Joseph Soustiel, Paris, summer 1968], sold; to Edwin Binney, 3rd, 1968, bequest; to Harvard University Art Museums, 1985.

Acquisition and Rights

Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, The Edwin Binney, 3rd Collection of Turkish Art at the Harvard Art Museums
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art

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Publication History

  • Anthony Welch, Calligraphy in the Arts of the Muslim World, University of Tennessee Press (Austin, TX, 1979), p.100, fig. 33
  • Edwin Binney III, Turkish Treasures from the Collection of Edwin Binney, 3rd, exh. cat., Portland Art Museum (Portland, OR, 1979), pp.101-102, fig. 64
  • Amy Landau, ed., Pearls on a String: Artists, Patrons, and Poets at the Great Islamic Courts, exh. cat., The Walters Art Museum (Baltimore, 2015), p. 226, fig. 7.15

Exhibition History

  • The Edwin Binney 3rd Collection of Turkish Art at the Harvard University Art Museums, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 05/16/1987 - 08/02/1987
  • Geometry of the Spirit: Islamic Illumination and Calligraphy, Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, 04/30/1988 - 06/26/1988
  • Traces of the Calligrapher: Islamic Calligraphy in Practice, c. 1600–1900, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Houston, 11/03/2007 - 02/03/2008; Asia Society Museum, New York, 10/07/2008 - 02/08/2009; Michael C. Carlos Museum of Art, Atlanta, 08/28/2010 - 12/05/2010
  • Traces of the Poet, Artist, and Patron in the Age of Islamic Empires, The Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, 11/08/2015 - 01/31/2016; Asian Art Museum of San Francisco, San Francisco, 02/26/2016 - 05/08/2016

Verification Level

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