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Identification and Creation
Object Number
Traditionally attributed to Ren Renfa [Jen Jen-fa], Chinese (1254 - 1327)
The Imperial Steeds
Work Type
handscroll, painting
ca. 16th-17th century
Creation Place: East Asia, China
Ming dynasty, 1368-1644
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Handscroll; ink and color on silk with spurious signature reading "Yueshan daoren"
H. 28.4 x W. 175.6 cm (11 3/16 x 69 1/8 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • inscription: Signed with a 17-character inscription that translates: "In the spring of the Chia-yin year of the Yen-yu era, Yüeh-shan tao-jen painted the heavenly steeds at the K'o-shih-t'ang".Two seals of the artist, 10 collectors' seals:(beginning of scroll; upper right:) Shih-ch'u pao-chi (Ch'ing Imperial Collection);(second from top:) Yang-hsin-tien chien-ch'ang-pao(two bottom seals) Ling-chih; Shih-ku-t'ang shu-hua (seals of Pien Yung-yu, 1645-1702)(two seals along the scroll) Chia-ch'ing; Ch'ien-lung(end of scroll; two seals at right of inscription:) Hsien-k'e; Shih-ku-t'ang shu-hua(two seals following the inscription:) Jen-shih tzu-ming; Yüeh-shan tao-jen [spurious seals of Jen Jen-fa](final seals beyond silk mounting:) two seals of Prince Kung.
State, Edition, Standard Reference Number
Standard Reference Number
A 10-025 (Suzuki Kei)
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Edward B. Bruce Collection of Chinese Paintings, Gift of Galen L. Stone
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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Publication History

Suzuki Kei, Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku, Amerika Kanada hen (Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Paintings, Volume 1: American and Canadian Collections), University of Tokyo Press (Tokyo, Japan, 1982), p. 56, no. A 10-025

Hou-mei Sung, Decoded Messages: the Symbolic Language of Chinese Animal Painting, exh. cat., Yale University Press (U.S.) and Cincinnati Art Museum (New Haven, CT; Cincinnati, Ohio, 2009), pp. 201-202, cat. no. 68

Exhibition History

Art in East and West, Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, 02/04/1955 - 02/28/1955

Decoded Messages: The Symbolic Language of Chinese Animal Painting, Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, 10/09/2009 - 01/03/2010

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at