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Identification and Creation

Object Number
Liang Kai 梁楷, Chinese (late 12th - early 13th century)
Winter Birds
Work Type
album leaf, painting
13th century
Creation Place: East Asia, China
Song dynasty, Southern Song period, 1127-1279
Persistent Link

Physical Descriptions

Circular fan painting mounted as an album leaf; ink and slight color on silk; with signature reading "Liang Kai"
H. 24.6 cm x W. 25.4 cm (9 11/16 x 10 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • seal: lower right: square red intaglio collector's seal: Pan Shi Jian Cang (treasured by the Pan family)

State, Edition, Standard Reference Number

Standard Reference Number
A 10-050 (Suzuki Kei)

Acquisition and Rights

Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of Dr. Denman W. Ross
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art

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Publication History

  • Benjamin Rowland, Jr., Masterpieces of Chinese Bird and Flower Painting: a Loan Exhibition, October 30-December 14, 1951, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, Mass., 1951), p. 17, cat. 10; pl. III-B
  • Sherman E. Lee, Chinese Landscape Painting, exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, OH, 1954), cat. no. 22, pp. 40 and 146, repr. p. 40, fig. 22
  • Suzuki Kei, Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku, Amerika Kanada hen (Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Paintings, Volume 1: American and Canadian Collections), University of Tokyo Press (Tokyo, Japan, 1982), pp. I-59 and I-433, no. A 10-050
  • Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), no. 28, p. 33

Exhibition History

  • The Art of Southern Sung China, Asia House, 04/15/1962
  • Art of the Fan: China, Korea, Japan, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 04/15/1995 - 10/08/1995
  • Masterworks of East Asian Painting, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 11/03/1995 - 06/09/1996
  • A Compelling Legacy: Masterworks of East Asian Painting, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/24/2004 - 03/20/2005
  • China in Twelve Artworks, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/23/2016 - 05/08/2016

Verification Level

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at