Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Liang Kai, Chinese (late 12th - early 13th century)
Winter Birds
Work Type
painting, album leaf
13th century
Creation Place: East Asia, China
Song dynasty, Southern Song period, 1127-1279
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Circular fan painting mounted as an album leaf; ink and slight color on silk; with signature reading "Liang Kai"
H. 24.6 cm x W. 25.4 cm (9 11/16 x 10 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • seal: lower right: square red intaglio collector's seal: Pan Shi Jian Cang (treasured by the Pan family)
State, Edition, Standard Reference Number
Standard Reference Number
A 10-050 (Suzuki Kei)
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Gift of Dr. Denman W. Ross
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
The Harvard Art Museums encourage the use of images found on this website for personal, noncommercial use, including educational and scholarly purposes. To request a higher resolution file of this image, please submit an online request.
Publication History

Benjamin Rowland, Jr., Masterpieces of Chinese Bird and Flower Painting: a Loan Exhibition, October 30-December 14, 1951, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, Mass., 1951), p. 17, cat. 10; pl. III-B

Sherman E. Lee, Chinese Landscape Painting, exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, OH, 1954), cat. no. 22, pp. 40 and 146, repr. p. 40, fig. 22

Suzuki Kei, Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku, Amerika Kanada hen (Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Paintings, Volume 1: American and Canadian Collections), University of Tokyo Press (Tokyo, Japan, 1982), pp. I-59 and I-433, no. A 10-050

Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), no. 28, p. 33

Exhibition History

The Art of Southern Sung China, Asia House, 04/15/1962

Art of the Fan: China, Korea, Japan, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 04/15/1995 - 10/08/1995

Masterworks of East Asian Painting, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 11/03/1995 - 06/09/1996

A Compelling Legacy: Masterworks of East Asian Painting, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/24/2004 - 03/20/2005

China in Twelve Artworks, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 01/23/2016 - 05/08/2016

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of Asian and Mediterranean Art at