Printed book image 1 (of 39) Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Xiao Yuncong [Hsiao Yün-ts'ung], Chinese (1596 - 1674)
Landscapes of Taiping Prefecture ('Taiping shanshui tu')
Other Titles
Alternate Title: T'ai p'ing shan shui t'u
Work Type
Creation Place: East Asia, China
Qing dynasty, 1644-1911
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Woodblock-printed book with illustrations mounted as an accordion-fold album; ink on paper
each printed page: H. 24.3 x W. 31.1 cm (9 9/16 x 12 1/4 in.)
each album page, with mounting: H. 26.4 x W. 32.7 cm (10 3/8 x 12 7/8 in.)
album closed: H. 26.4 x W. 32.7 x D. 6.4 cm (10 3/8 x 12 7/8 x 2 1/2 in.)
Transmission in Japan:
Gion Nankai (1677-1751)
[Ikeno Taiga (1723-1776)]
Kimura Kenkadô (1736-1802)
[Kikuchi Gozan (1772-1855)]
Yamaguchi Jinroku (active ca. 1863)
[Nukina Kaioku (1778-1863)]
Tomioka Tessai (1836-1924)
Murata Kôkoku (1831-1912)
[Tani Tetsuomi (1822-1905)]
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Partial gift through the generosity of Philip Hofer and partial purchase through a fund established by Ernest B. and Helen Pratt Dane for the purchase of Asian art
Accession Year
Object Number
Asian and Mediterranean Art
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This important collection of woodblock-printed landscapes originally reproduced forty-three compositions (of which thirty-nine remain) designed by Xiao Yuncong [Hsiao Yün-ts'ung], a Ming loyalist painter from Anhui province. Opening with a panorama of Taiping prefecture (in central Anhui) the album continues with views of scenic spots in its three districts: fifteen views from Dangtu, fourteen from Wuhu, and thirteen from Fanchang. Xiao inscribed each scene with a poem by a famous poet and noted which ancient master's style he used to depict it. The printing process rendered his techniques flat and schematic, increasing the archaic flavor of the landscapes. This copy of the work circulated among Japanese Nanga painters of the eighteenth century, offering models of landscape that greatly influenced the development of that school.
Publication History

Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), no. 33, p. 36

Jonathan Chaves, The Chinese Painter as Poet, exh. cat., China Institute in America (New York, NY, 2000), pp. 98-102; p. 137, cat. no. 32

T. June Li and Suzanne E. Wright, Gardens, Art, and Commerce in Chinese Woodblock Prints, exh. cat., The Huntington Library, Art Gallery, and Botanical Gardens (San Marino, 2016), pp. 100-101, cat. no. 18

Exhibition History

Garden, Art, and Commerce in Chinese Woodblock Prints, The Huntington Library, Art Gallery, and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, 09/17/2016 - 01/09/2017

Related Media

Book view of Landscapes of Taiping Prefecture

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