Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Gallery Text

This oil, illustrating a scene from the Italian epic poem Orlando Furioso, is a study for a painting intended for the royal residences at Versailles. It is based on classically inspired images of Andromeda — chained to a rock, awaiting rescue by the hero Perseus — that Ingres had seen in Rome. Its naturalism and immediacy suggest that Ingres worked from a live model.

The central figure stands in statuesque contrapposto (half rotated, with her weight on one leg), a brown shadow surrounding her like a niche. Her unfinished right hand reaches back and touches her left wrist, as if to confirm the physical reality of her flesh. The gesture is repeated by a second figure, whose attenuated torso suggests a sculptural fragment. The flesh-colored background focuses attention on the sensitive modulations of light and dark through which Ingres, like Perseus, has “liberated” the figures — in this case, from the two-dimensional surface.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French (Montauban 1780 - 1867 Paris)
Study for "Roger Freeing Angelica"
Other Titles
Former Title: Study for "Roger Freeing Angelica" (so-called "Andromeda")
Former Title: Study for the painting of Angelique and Medor
Former Title: Study for Andromeda
Work Type
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Oil on canvas
47 x 37.2 cm (18 1/2 x 14 5/8 in.)
framed: 66.5 x 58 cm (26 3/16 x 22 13/16 in.)
Given by the artist to Hippolyte-Paul Delaroche, 1831, by descent (?); to Joseph-Carle-Paul-Horace Delaroche (his son). [Wildenstein & Co., New York], sold; to Grenville L. Winthrop, 1940, bequest; to Fogg Art Museum, 1943.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

Henri, Vicomte Delaborde, Ingres, sa vie, ses travaux, sa doctrine, d'apres les notices manuscrites et les lettres du maitre, H. Plon (Paris, France, 1870), pps. 208-209, under no. 32

Chinese Sculpture, Bronzes, Jades, Paintings and Drawings, Egyptian and Persian sculpture, Pre-Columbian art; selected from the collection of Grenville Lindall Winthrop, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1943), p. 3

Georges Wildenstein, Ingres, Phaidon Press (London, England, 1954), p. 188, no. 126, repr. in b/w as pl. 17

Norman Schlenoff, Ingres, ses sources littéraires, Presses Universitaires de France (Paris, France, 1956), pl. XVI, facing p. 129

Martin Davies, National Gallery Catalogue, French School, exh. cat., National Gallery of Art (London, England, 1957), p. 119, no. 9

Ingres and Degas: Two Classical Draughtsmen, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1961), no. 12

Daniel Ternois, Inventaire des collections publiques francaises, 11, Montauban, Musee Ingres, peintures, Ingres et son temps., Editions des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1965), inventaire, under no. 180

Ingres, exh. cat., Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1967), pp. 152 and 154, under nos. 107, 108

Ingres: Centennial Exhibition, 1867-1967. Drawings, Watercolors and Oil Sketches from American Collections, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1967), no. 50, repr.

Classics in Art series: Ingres, Rizzoli Editore Corporation (New York, NY, 1968), repr. in color full page, tav. LXIV

Emilio Radius and Ettore Camesasca, L'opera completa di Ingres, Rizzoli (Milan, Italy, 1968), no. 99b, pl. LXIV

Dorothy W. Gillerman, ed., Grenville L. Winthrop: Retrospective for a Collector, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, 1969), p. 240

Martin Davies, French School: Early 19th Century, Impressionists, Post-Impressionists, etc., National Gallery of Art (London, England, 1970), p. 79, n. 9, under no. 3292

Daniel Ternois and Ettore Camesasca, Tout l'oeuvre peint d'Ingres (Paris, France, 1971), no. 100b, pl. LXIV

Gianni Rizzoni and Fiorella Minervino, Ingres, Mondadori (Milan, Italy, 1976), p. 27, repr.

H. Harvard Arnason, History of Modern Art: painting, sculpture, architecture, Prentice Hall (New York, NY, 1977), repr. p. 16, no. 9, b/w

Norman Ziff, Paul Delaroche: A Study in Nineteenth-Century French History Painting (New York, NY, 1977), p. 117 n. 103

Jean Sutherland Boggs, "Variations on the Nude", Apollo (June 1978), vol. CVII, no. 196, pp. 487-489, p. 488

Daniel Ternois, Ingres, Editions Nathan (Paris, France, 1980), p. 178, no. 137, repr.

Gaetan Picon, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, Quai des Celestins, 4 (New York, NY, 1980), repr. b/w p. 22

Marjorie B. Cohn and Susan L. Siegfried, Works by J. A. D. Ingres in the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1980), no. 23, pp. 75-76, repr. in b/w, p. 77; text p. 14

Patricia Condon, Ingres, In Pursuit of Perfection: the Art of J.-A.-D. Ingres, exh. cat., Speed Art Museum (Louisville, KY, 1983), pp. 94, 243, 246, 248

Hilton Brown, "Academic Art Education and Studio Practices", American Artist (February 1985), ill. p. 46

"Ingres", The Great Artists: A Marshall Cavendish Weekly Collection (Sussex, England, 1985), no. 18, repr. in color p. 553

Edgar Peters Bowron, European Paintings Before 1900 in the Fogg Art Museum: A Summary Catalogue including Paintings in the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 112, repr. as no. 263

Annalisa Zanni, Ingres: catalogo completo dei dipinti, Cantini Editore (Florence, Italy, 1990), p. 84, under cat. 64

Michele Haddad, La Divine et l'Impure: Le Nu au XIXe, Jaguar Editions (Paris, France, 1990), repr. in color p. 16; text p. 18

John Richardson, A Life of Picasso, Random House (New York, NY, 1991), vol. 2, repr. p. 339

[Eugéne-Emmanuel Pineu-Duval] Amaury-Duval, L'Atelier d'Ingres: Edition critique de l'ouvrage publié à Paris en 1878, ed. Daniel Ternois, Arthena (Paris, France, 1993), repr. in b/w fig. 127, p. 162

Georges Vigne, Ingres, Citadelles & Mazenod and Abbeville Press (Paris, France; New York, NY, 1995), p. 144, fig. 119, p. 192

Dirk Pauwels, "Roma 1817 / refait à Bruxelles 1834: De Heilige Familie van François-Joseph Navez (1787-1869), een onuitgegeven compositieschets", Jaarboek, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen (1996), p. 335; repr. in b/w p. 336, as fig. 5

Paul de Roux, Ingres, Herscher (Paris, France, 1996), pp. 56-7, fig. 14

Valérie Bajou, Monsieur Ingres, Editions Adam Biro (Paris, France, 1999), pp. 155-158, repr. in color fig. 110

Daniel Ternois, Lettres d’Ingres à Marcotte d’Argenteuil: dictionnaire, Librairie des Arts et Métiers-Ed. Jacques Laget (Nogent-le-Roi, France, 2001), p. 202, n. 4

Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press (U.S.) (New York, 2003), no. 60, pp. 170-172, repr. in color

Stephan Wolohojian, Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2003), no. 60, pp. 178-180, repr. in color

Vincent Pomarède, Stéphane Guégan, Louis-Antoine Prat, and Eric Bertin, Ingres 1780-1867, exh. cat., Editions Gallimard (Paris, France, 2006), p. 180, repr. as ill. 141

Olga Plaszczewska, Przestrzenie komparatystyki-italianizm, Wydawnictow Uniwersytetu Jagiellonskiego (Krakow, Poland, 2010), repr. as ill. 14

Cavalier d'Arpino to Nolde: Watercolors, Drawings and Oil Sketches by European Masters, auct. cat. (Hamburg, Germany, 2013), under no. 19, reproduced

Leighton House Museum, A Victorian Obsession: The Pérez Simón Collection at Leighton House Museum, exh. cat., ed. Daniel Robbins, The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (London, 2014), p. 153, fig. 51

Charles Hindlip, An Auctioneer's Lot: Triumphs & Disasters at Christie's, Third Millennium Publishing Limited (London, 2016), p. 25, repr.

Exhibition History

Chinese sculpture, bronzes, jades, paintings and drawings, Egyptian and Persian sculpture, Pre-Columbian art : selected from the collection of Grenville Lindall Winthrop, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/01/1943 - 02/28/1944

Master Paintings from the Fogg Collection, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/13/1977 - 08/31/1977

Works by J.-A.-D. Ingres in the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/17/1980 - 12/07/1980

A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, 03/15/2003 - 05/26/2003; National Gallery, London, 06/25/2003 - 09/14/2003; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/23/2003 - 01/25/2004

For Students of Art and Lovers of Beauty: Highlights from the Collection of Grenville L. Winthrop, Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 04/16/2004

HAA 10 Survey Course (S421): The Western Tradition: Art Since the Renaissance (Fall 11 Rotation 2), Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, 10/07/2011 - 11/05/2011

32Q: 2220 18th-19th Century, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 11/16/2014 - 07/28/2021

Subjects and Contexts

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