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Gallery Text

During his two-month residence at a hotel-restaurant in Pourville, a small fishing village in Normandy, Monet painted portraits of the inn’s proprietors, Paul-Antoine and Eugénie Graff (1819–1891). Depicted in a similar manner and on canvases of the same dimensions, the pendant portraits were complemented by a third painting, a still life of Mme Paul’s signature dish, butter cakes, which would have hung to the left of the two portraits. Both sitters look toward the cakes; only Eugénie’s pet terrier, Follette, gazes out at the viewer. Monet reserved the painting of portraits for his closest associates; the three works for the Graff family therefore represent a charming gesture of friendship. He favored this mode of portraiture in the 1880s, with its swift execution and closely cropped views of the sitters’ heads, describing it in one of his letters as a “jack in the box” type. The cursory brushwork of the background and the short, narrow strokes used in the face recall the artist’s work in pastel.

Identification and Creation
Object Number
Claude Monet, French (Paris, France 1840 - 1926 Giverny, France)
Eugénie Graff (Madame Paul)
Other Titles
Alternate Title: Madame Paul / Madame Paul - Patissière à Pourville
Work Type
Persistent Link
Level 1, Room 1220, European Art, 19th–20th century, Collection of Maurice Wertheim, Class of 1906
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Physical Descriptions
Oil on canvas
65 x 54.5 cm (25 9/16 x 21 7/16 in.)
framed: 91 x 81 x 9.5 cm (35 13/16 x 31 7/8 x 3 3/4 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: l.l.: Claude Monet
Claude Monet; to Paul Graff (husband of the sitter), 1882. [Knoedler & Co., Inc.]. [Durand-Ruel], sold; to Jules Strauss, Paris, 1900, sold [through Hôtel Drouot, Paris, May 3, 1902, no. 38]; to [Durand-Ruel, Paris]. A. A. Hebrad, Paris, 1905. Prince de Wagram (Louis-Alexandre Berthier), Paris. [Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1908]. [H. O. Miethke, Vienna, 1910], sold; to Karl Wittgenstein, Vienna, 1910, bequest; to Paul Wittgenstein, 1913, sold; [through Stuttgarter Kunstkabinett, May 18-20, 1954]. Jacques Seligmann, sold; to Wertheim Fund, Inc., May 16, 1955 as a gift to the Fogg Art Museum; hung at Mrs. Wertheim's house as part of Wertheim Collection, to which she held lifetime interest.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Gift of The Wertheim Fund, Inc.
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

Entwicklung des Impressionismus in Malerei und Plastik, Secession (Vienna, Austria, 1903), no. 38

Desmond Fitzgerald, "Claude Monet: Master of Impressionism", Brush and Pencil (March 1905), no. XV, pl. 41

Claude Monet, Master Impressionist, Copley Society (Boston, MA, 1905)

Georges Grappe, Claude Monet (Paris, France, 1909), pp. 26, repr. p. 28

Manet-Monet, exh. cat., H. O. Miethke Gallery (Vienna, Austria, 1910), no. 26

Gustave Geffroy, Claude Monet, sa vie, son temps, son oeuvre, G. Crès et Cie (Paris, France, 1922), pp. 305-306

Georges Grappe, Monet, Plon (Paris, France, 1941), p. 16, repr. p. 36

Oscar Reuterswärd, Monet, en konstnarshistorik, Albert Bonniers Förlag (Stockholm, Sweden, 1948), p. 143

Georges Besson, Claude Monet (1840-1926), Les Editions Braun & Cie. (Paris, France, 1949), p. 41

Claude Roger-Marx, Monet, Editions Jean Marguerat (Lausanne, Switzerland, 1949), repr. as pl. 38

Frederick B. Deknatel, "Madame Paul", Fogg Art Museum Annual Report, 1955, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1955), repr. inside front cover

Howard Devree, "By French Masters: Memorable Loan Show in Philadelphia", The New York Times (New York, NY, July 7 1957), p. 70, p. 70

Denis Rouart and Leon Degand, Claude Monet, Skira (New York, NY, 1958), p. 60, repr.

William Chapin Seitz, Claude Monet, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1960), pp. 31, 116

J. P. Hoschedé, Claude Monet, ce mal connu (Geneva, Switzerland, 1960), vol. I, p. 119

The Maurice Wertheim Catalogue: Modern French Art-- Monet to Picasso, exh. cat., North Carolina Museum of Art (Raleigh, NC, 1960), p. 30, repr. p. 31

Germain Seligman, Merchants of Art, exh. cat., Appleton-Century-Crofts (New York, NY, 1961), pl. 91

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Manet to Picasso, exh. cat., The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (Houston, TX, 1962), pp. 32, 34

René Gimpel, Journal d’un collectionneur: marchand et tableaux, Calmann Lévy (Paris, 1963), p. 181

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, exh. cat., Maine State Museum (Augusta, ME, 1972), no. 22

Daniel Wildenstein, Claude Monet: Biographie et Catalogue Raisonné, La Bibliothèque des Arts (Lausanne, Switzerland, 1974 - 1991), vol. 2, no. 745, vol. 5, p. 8

Hommage à Claude Monet, exh. cat., Grand Palais (Paris, France, 1980), pp. 235-236

Richard Thomson, "'Les quat' pattes': The Image of the Dog in Late Nineteenth-Century French Art", Art History (September 1982), vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 323-337, p. 327

Melissa McQuillan, Impressionist Portraits, Little, Brown & Company (Boston, MA, 1986), repr. in color, p. 169 and text

John O'Brian, Degas to Matisse: the Maurice Wertheim Collection, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. and Fogg Art Museum (New York, NY and Cambridge, MA, 1988), no. 6, pp. 52-53, repr. in color p. 53

Edgar Peters Bowron, European Paintings Before 1900 in the Fogg Art Museum: A Summary Catalogue including Paintings in the Busch-Reisinger Museum, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1990), p. 121; repr. as no. 355

The Maurice Wertheim Collection and Selected Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings and Drawings in the Fogg Art Museum, exh. cat., Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1990), repr. in color, no. 9, p. 49

[Reproduction only], Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, (December 1, 1996)., repr. on cover

Judit Geskó and Péter Molnos, "Histoire des collections d'oeuvres impressionnistes françaises en Hongrie", Monet et ses Amis (Budapest, 2003), p. 17

Dr. Tobias G. Natter, Die Galerie Miethke: Eine Kunsthandlung im Zentrum der Moderne, exh. cat., Jüdisches Museum der Stadt Wien (Vienna, Austria, 2003-2004), p. 153, repr. in color

Michael Clarke and Richard Thomson, Monet: The Seine and the Sea 1878-1883, exh. cat., National Galleries of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland, 2003), no. 63, repr. in color

Elizabeth M. Rudy, "Researching the Wertheim Collection at the Harvard Art Museums", Collections: A Journal for Museum and Archives Professionals (Summer 2014), Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 301-6

Agnes Husslein-Arco and Stephan Koja, ed., Looking at Monet: The Great Impressionist and his Influence on Austrian Art, exh. cat., Hirmer (Vienna, 2014), ill. p. 158

Exhibition History

Manet-Monet, Galerie Miethke, Vienna, 01/01/1910 - 12/31/1910

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Modern French Art--Monet to Picasso, North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, 06/17/1960 - 09/04/1960

The Maurice Wertheim Collection: Manet to Picasso, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Houston, 06/13/1962 - 09/02/1962

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Rhode Island School of Design Museum, Providence, 09/03/1968 - 09/22/1968

The Maurice Wertheim Collection, Maine State Museum, Augusta, 06/01/1972 - 09/01/1972

Manet to Matisse: The Maurice Wertheim Collection, IBM Gallery of Science and Art, New York, 04/09/1985 - 05/25/1985

The Maurice Wertheim Collection and Selected Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings and Drawings in the Fogg Art Museum, Isetan Department Store, Tokyo, 03/01/1990 - 04/10/1990; Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 04/14/1990 - 05/13/1990

Monet: The Seine and the Sea, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, 08/02/2003 - 10/26/2003

Re-View: S427 Impressionist & Postimpressionist Art, Harvard Art Museums/Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/02/2008 - 06/18/2011

32Q: 1220 Wertheim, Harvard Art Museums, 11/16/2014 - 01/01/2050

Subjects and Contexts

Google Art Project

Related Works

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