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A drawing of nine figures in an interior.

A drawing in graphite on white paper depicts nine figures posing for a portrait in an interior. The room is furnished with an upholstered stool and chair, a piano, and two busts on columns. On the left of the page is a standing woman in an ankle-length dress with a lyre guitar. Seated on the upholstered stool before her is a girl in dress and pantalettes holding a bouquet. At the center of the page is a woman in a long dress seated in the upholstered chair. An adolescent boy in formal dress stands behind her with his arm around the chair back. Two children are seated on the floor at either side of the seated woman. On the left a child reads from a page in the seated woman’s lap, and on the right a boy holds a toy drummer. To the right of the seated woman are three girls in long dresses. The first stands behind the seated woman’s chair, with one hand at her waist and the other on the chair back. The second leans on the piano chair, looking left. The third is seated at the piano, with her hands on the keys looking behind her toward the seated woman at center.

Identification and Creation

Object Number
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French (Montauban 1780 - 1867 Paris)
Portrait of the Family of Lucien Bonaparte
Work Type
Persistent Link

Physical Descriptions

Graphite on white wove paper
41.2 x 53.2 cm (16 1/4 x 20 15/16 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: graphite, lower right: J. Ingres Del [Rom, erased] / Rome 1815
  • watermark: J. Whatman / 1813
  • collector's mark: verso, stamp, black ink: GS [Germain Seligman, Lugt 3863]


Recorded Ownership History
Commissioned by Mme Lucien Bonaparte*; stolen from her prior to 1841. Sold [through Paris auction, December 18, 1838, commissaire-priseur M. Bonnefons, lot 38]; to Charles de Chatillon; returned by him to Mme Bonaparte, September 10, 1842, by descent; to her granddaughter and sole heir, Countess Zeffirino Faina, Perugia; acquired from her by Count Giuseppe Napoleone Primoli, Rome and Paris, 1903, sold; to [Galerie George Bernheim, Paris, by August 10, 1918]. Herman Heilburth, Copenhagen; Dansk Landmansbank, Copenhagen. Gorm Rasmussen, Sølyst, sold; to [Jacques Seligmann and Co., New York, March 11, 1936 (Lugt 3863)], sold; to Grenville L. Winthrop, New York, 1936, bequest; to Fogg Art Museum, 1943

*As this group portrait was commissioned by Mme Bonaparte in Rome while her husband was with his brother Napoleon during the Hundred Days, that is between March 20 and June 28, 1815, his name does not appear here as original owner, as in earlier references.

Acquisition and Rights

Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Grenville L. Winthrop
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art


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Publication History

  • Catalogue de tableaux des écoles de flandre, de hollande, d'italie et de France..., auct. cat. (Paris, December 18-21, 1838), p. 8, lot 38
  • Edmond Saglio, "Un Nouveau Tableau de M. Ingres, liste complète de ses oeuvres", La Correspondence Litteraire (February 5, 1857), pg. 77
  • Henri, Vicomte Delaborde, Ingres, sa vie, ses travaux, sa doctrine, d'apres les notices manuscrites et les lettres du maitre, H. Plon (Paris, France, 1870), pg. 292, no. 264
  • Gio Battista Rossi Scotti, Guida Illustrata di Perugia, G. Boncompagni (Perugia, 1878), pg. 97
  • Henry Lapauze, Les dessins de J.-A.-D. Ingres du Musée de Montauban, J. E. Bulloz (Paris, France, 1901), pg. 248, under Cahier X
  • Henry Lapauze, Les portraits dessinés de J.-A._D. Ingres, J. E. Bulloz (Paris, 1903), pg. 17, n. 1
  • Henry Lapauze, Ingres, sa vie & son oeuvre, G. Petit (Paris, France, 1911), pp. 180-82 (as coll. Joseph-Napoléon Primoli)
  • Henry Lapauze, "Ingres chez Degas", La Renaissance de l'Art français et des industries de luxe (March 1918), pp. 12-15, repr. p. 14
  • Lili Fröhlich-Bum, Ingres: Sein Leben und sein Stil, Manz (Vienna, Leipzig, 1924), (mistakenly as Primoli coll)
  • Lili Fröhlich-Bum, Ingres, His Life and Art, William Heinemann, Ltd. (London, 1926), pp. 12-13 (mistakenly as Primoli coll.)
  • Paul Fleuriot de Langle, "Monsieur Ingres et la princesse de Canino", La Revue de France (Jul 1939), pp. 34-43
  • Paul Fleuriot de Langle, Alexandrine Lucien-Bonaparte, Princesse de Canino, 1778-1855, Plon (Paris, 1939), pg. 155 n. 1, repro facing pg. 296
  • Walter Pach, Ingres, Harper and Brothers Publishers (New York, NY and London, England, 1939), pp. 41-42, 248-49, 251, repro. facing pg. 103
  • Agnes Mongan, "Drawings by Ingres in the Winthrop Collection", Gazette des Beaux-Arts (July-December 1944), ser. 6, 26, pp. 393-95, fig. 4
  • Otto Benesch, "The Winthrop Collection: From Neo-Classic to Romanticism; David, Ingres, Géricault", Art News (January 1-14, 1944), vol. 42, no. 16, pp. 9-10, 20-21, 32, p. 32
  • Agnes Mongan, Ingres: 24 Drawings, Pantheon Books (New York, 1947), no. 10, repro.
  • Agnes Mongan, ed., One Hundred Master Drawings, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, 1949), p. 132, repr.
  • Carlo Pietrangeli, Il Museo Napoleonico. Guida, Comune di Roma (Rome, 1950), pg. 101, under no. 15 (mistakenly as in the Musée Bonnat, Bayonne)
  • Jean Alazard, Ingres et l'Ingrisme, Michel (Paris, France, 1950), pp. 64, 147 n. 21, pl. 29
  • Regina Shoolman Slatkin and Charles E. Slatkin, Six Centuries of French Master Drawings in America, Oxford University Press (NY) and Oxford University Press (UK) (New York, NY, 1950), pp. 120-21, pl. 67
  • A Loan Exhibition of Paintings and Drawings from the Ingres Museum at Montauban, exh. cat., Knoedler Galleries (New York, NY, 1952), introl (unpag.)
  • J.M. Thompson, "Lucien Bonaparte, Napoleon's Ablest Brother", History Today (London, May 1955), vol. 5, no. 5, pg. 305, repro.
  • Carlo Pietrangeli, "Un autografo di Ingres nel museo napoleonico", Bollettino dei Musei comunali di Roma (Rome, Italy, 1955), no. 3-4, p. 50; repr. p. 49
  • Daniel Ternois, Les dessins d'Ingres au Musée de Montauban: les portraits, Les Presses Artistique (Paris, France, 1959), above and under no. 19
  • Else Kai Sass, "Ingres' Drawing of the Family of Lucien Bonaparte", Burlington Magazine (London, 1960), vol. 102, no. 681, pp. 19-21, fig. 26
  • Hans Naef, "Vier Ingres-Zeichnungen", (Portrait of an Unknown Girl [State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg], Lucien Bonaparte, Mlle. Lorimer, F. Pouqueville), Pantheon (1960), vol. 18, pp. 35, 36, repro.
  • Carlo Pietrangeli, Museo Napoleonico "Primoli": Guida: Cataloghi dei musei comunali di Roma, Comune di Roma (1960), pg. 115
  • Martin Birnbaum, The Last Romantic (New York, NY, 1960), pg. 191
  • Germain Seligman, Merchants of Art, exh. cat., Appleton-Century-Crofts (New York, NY, 1961), pg. 149, pl. 44
  • Hans Naef, "Ingres und die Familie Guillon Lethière", Du (December 1963), 23, pg. 66
  • René Gimpel, Journal d’un collectionneur: marchand et tableaux, Calmann Lévy (Paris, 1963), pg. 64
  • Else Kai Sass, Thorvaldsens Portraetbuster (Copenhagen, 1963-1965), vol. 1, pp. 399 (repro.), 400, 406, vol. 2 pg. 170 n. 741
  • H. Wade White, "A Significant Addition to the Museum's Napoleonic Collection", Fogg Art Museum Newsletter, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1964), vol. II, no. 1, unpaginated
  • A Survey of the Collections, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1964), repro.
  • Agnes Mongan, "Hommage à Ingres", L'oeil (September 1967), nos. 151-53, pp. 23 (fig. 2 [detail]), 29
  • Alvar González-Palacios, David e la pittura napoleonica, Fabbri (Milan, 1967), pg. 94, repro.
  • Waldemar George, Dessins d'Ingres, Editions du Columbier/A. Michel (Paris, 1967), pp 37, repro., 38
  • Ingres, exh. cat., Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1967), pg. 56, under no. 33
  • Ingres: Centennial Exhibition, 1867-1967. Drawings, Watercolors and Oil Sketches from American Collections, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1967), no. 33, p. 244, repr.
  • Time Magazine, Time Magazine (New York, February 17, 1967), 89, ill. p. 73
  • Valentina N. Berezina, Zhan Ogrust Dominik Engr, Sovestkii khudozhnik (Leningrad, 1967), p. 38
  • Emilio Radius and Ettore Camesasca, L'opera completa di Ingres, Rizzoli (Milan, Italy, 1968), pg. 123, repro.
  • Pierre Angrand, Monsieur Ingres et son époque, La Bibliothèque des Arts (Lausanne, Switzerland, 1968), pp. 230-31 n. 1
  • Agnes Mongan, "Ingres as a Great Portrait Draughtsman", Colloque Ingres, ed. Mathieu Méras and Alan Godeau, Amis du Musée Ingres (Montauban, 1969), pp. 134-50, p. 152, fig. 17, repr.
  • Paul Fleuriot de Langle, "La famille de Lucien Bonaparte", Colloque Ingres, Dupin (Montauban, France, 1969), pp. 47-52, fig. 1
  • Marjorie B. Cohn, "The Original Format of Ingres Portrait Drawings", Colloque Ingres, Dupin (Montauban, France, 1969), pg. 15
  • Dorothy W. Gillerman, ed., Grenville L. Winthrop: Retrospective for a Collector, exh. cat., Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, 1969), cat. no. 103, repr.
  • Olga Bonaparte-Wyse, The Spurious Brood: Princess Letitia Bonaparte and Her Childrenb, Gollancz (London, 1969), repro. on endpapers
  • Gottfried Lindemann, Prints and Drawings: A Pictorial History, Praeger (New York, NY, 1970), pp. 285, repro., 288-89
  • Daniel Ternois and Ettore Camesasca, Tout l'oeuvre peint d'Ingres (Paris, France, 1971), pg. 123, repro.
  • Hans Naef, "Révoil dessiné par Ingres", Bulletin du Musée Ingres, Société des amis du Musée Ingres (Montauban, December 1972), no. 32, pp. 787-91, fig. 68
  • The Age of Neo-Classicism, exh. cat., Royal Academy and Victoria and Albert Museum (London, England, 1972), pg. 373, under no. 662
  • Gianni Rizzoni and Fiorella Minervino, Ingres, Mondadori (Milan, Italy, 1976), pg. 105, repro.
  • Francis Haskell, Rediscoveries in Art: Some Aspects of Taste, Fashion, and Collecting in England and France, Cornell University Press (Ithaca, NY, 1976), pg. 33, n. 49
  • Marjorie Elliott Bevlin, Design Through Discovery, Holt, Rinehart & Winston (New York, NY, 1977), pp. 83-85, repr. fig. 135
  • Jon Whiteley, Ingres, Oresko Books Ltd. (London, England, 1977), pg. 42, no. 25, repro.
  • Evelyne Pansu, Ingres Dessins, Chene (Paris, France, 1977), no. 33, repro.
  • Hans Naef, Die Bildniszeichnungen von J.-A.-D. Ingres (Bern, Switzerland, 1978), vol. 1 (1977), pp. 504-38 (figs. 5, 7-15), 543, 564, vol. 2 (1978), pp. 234, 424, vol. 4 (1977), pp. 266-69, no. 146, repro.
  • Helen Osterman Borowitz, "Two Nineteenth-Century Muse Portraits", The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, OH, September 1979), pp. 258, 260, repro., 267, n. 66
  • Daniel Ternois, Ingres, Editions Nathan (Paris, France, 1980), pp. 18, 58, 86, repro., 87
  • Margaret Holben Ellis, "Watermarks and the Stories They Tell", Drawing (March-April 1982), III, no. 6, p. 129
  • Kristin A. Mortimer and William G. Klingelhofer, Harvard University Art Museums: A Guide to the Collections, Harvard University Art Museums and Abbeville Press (Cambridge and New York, 1986), p. 239, no. 280, repro., p. 247, under no. 289
  • Ingres et Delacroix: Dessins et aquarelles, exh. cat., Snoeck-Ducaju & Zoon (Ghent, 1986), pp. 27, 28, fig. 4
  • [Eugéne-Emmanuel Pineu-Duval] Amaury-Duval, L'Atelier d'Ingres: Edition critique de l'ouvrage publié à Paris en 1878, ed. Daniel Ternois, Arthena (Paris, France, 1993), fig. 19
  • Suzanne Folds McCullagh, "The Extraordinary Eye, Erudition, Energy, and Example of Agnes Mongan", Drawing (July 1994 - August 1994), vol. XVI, no. 2, repr. p. 30
  • Uwe Fleckner, Abbild und Abstraktion: die Kunst des Porträts im Werk von J.-A.-D. Ingres, Verlag Philipp von Zabern (Mainz, Germany, 1995), pp. 150, 151, fig. 55, 157, 159, 168, 170, 180-81
  • Georges Vigne, Dessins d'Ingres: Catalogue raisonné des dessins du musée de Montauban, Gallimard/Reunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1995), pg. 468, above no. 2616
  • Georges Vigne, Ingres, Citadelles & Mazenod and Abbeville Press (Paris, France; New York, NY, 1995), pg. 91 [94], fig. 64
  • Paul Lang, Anna Stoll, and Thomas Becker, Joseph Bonaparte et le Château de Prangins: Deux acquisitions du Musée National Suisse, Musée National Suisse (Zürich, 1995), pg. 32, fig. 34, 36, no. 60
  • Marina Natoli, ed., Luciano Bonaparte: Le sue collezioni d'arte, le sue residenze e Roma, nel Lazio, in Italia (1804-1840), Istituto poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato Libreria dello Stato (Rome, 1995), p. 251, n. 12
  • Agnes Mongan, David to Corot: French Drawings in the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1996), cat. no. 220, repr.
  • Béatrice Edelein-Badie, La collection de tableaux de Lucien Bonaparte, prince de Canino, Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 1997), repr. fig. 9, and p. 135 n. 162
  • Masterpieces of world art : Fogg Art Museum, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Busch-Reisinger Museum, 1997
  • David Irwin, Neoclassicism, Phaidon Press Limited (London, England, 1997), repr. fig. 173
  • Edward Saywell, "Guide to Drawing Terms and Techniques", Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin, Harvard University Art Museums (Cambridge, MA, 1998), vol. VI, no. 2, pp. 30-39, p. 32 under "Graphite"
  • Valérie Bajou, Monsieur Ingres, Editions Adam Biro (Paris, France, 1999), p. 142; repr. fig. 95
  • Gary Tinterow and Philip Conisbee, Portraits by Ingres: Image of an Epoch, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, NY, 1999), pp. 103, 159; repr. fig. 91
  • Patricia Tyson Stroud, The Emperor of Nature: Charles-Lucien Bonaparte and His World, University of Pennsylvania Press (Philadelphia, 2000), pp. 21-22, fig. 9
  • Timothy Clifford and Irina Novoselskaya, French Drawings and Paintings from the Hermitage: Poussin to Picasso, exh. cat., Hermitage Development Trust (London, 2001), p. 148, fig. 41
  • Daniel Ternois, Lettres d’Ingres à Marcotte d’Argenteuil: dictionnaire, Librairie des Arts et Métiers-Ed. Jacques Laget (Nogent-le-Roi, France, 2001), pg. 140, n. 15
  • Maddalena Trionfi Honorati, "Alcuni mobili dei Bonaparte nelle Marche e un gruppo di famiglia", ed. Angela Montironi, Federico Motta Editore (Milan, 2002), pp. 228-230, repr. p. 229
  • Vincent Pomarède, "La Collection Winthrop: A la recherche de la beauté pure", L'Estampille/L'Objet d'art (April 2003), no. 379, pp. 34-45, p. 43
  • Anne Bertrand, "Winthrop: le dessein d'une collection", L'Oeil (March 2003), no. 545, p. 46
  • Stephan Wolohojian, ed., A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press (U.S.) (New York, 2003), cat. no. 55, repr. (color), p. 26
  • Christopher Riopelle, Harvard's Winthrop Collection: Nineteenth-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, exh. cat., National Gallery Company Limited (London, 2003), p. 27, cat. 14, ill.
  • Stephan Wolohojian, Ingres, Burne-Jones, Whistler, Renoir... La Collection Grenville L. Winthrop, exh. cat., Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon and Réunion des Musées Nationaux (Paris, France, 2003), no. 55, repr.
  • Olivier Bonfait, ed., Maestà di Roma da Napoleone all'unità d'Italia: D'Ingres à Degas, les artistes français à Rome, exh. cat., Electa (Milan, 2003), p. 206, fig. 36a
  • Vincent Pomarède, Stéphane Guégan, Louis-Antoine Prat, and Eric Bertin, Ingres 1780-1867, exh. cat., Editions Gallimard (Paris, France, 2006), ill. 101, p. 150
  • Maria Teresa Caracciolo and Isabelle Mayer-Michalon, Lucien Bonaparte: Un homme libre, 1775-1840, exh. cat., Silvana Editoriale (Milan, 2010), p. 84, repr. p. 82 as fig. 2 (detail); pp. 140-141, repr. p. 141 as fig. 7; p. 250, repr. p. 251 as fig. 10 (detail)
  • Andrew Watts and Emma Tyler, ed., Fortunes of War: The West Midlands at the Time of Waterloo, Cardic Press Limited (Merthyr Tydfil, Wales, 2015), p. 15, repr.
  • Les Marques de Collections de Dessins & d'Estampes, website, Fondation Custodia, 2015, under L. 3863
  • Stephen Ongpin Fine Art Master Drawings 2015, auct. cat., Stephen Ongpin (2015), in relation to cat. 18 (n.p.) and n. 8
  • Cédric Lewandowski, Lucien Bonaparte: Le prince républicain, Passés composés (Paris, 2019), repr.

Exhibition History

  • Chinese sculpture, bronzes, jades, paintings and drawings, Egyptian and Persian sculpture, Pre-Columbian art : selected from the collection of Grenville Lindall Winthrop, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/01/1943 - 02/28/1944
  • Ingres Centennial Exhibition, 1867-1967, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 02/12/1967 - 04/09/1967
  • Grenville L. Winthrop: Retrospective for a Collector, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 01/23/1969 - 03/31/1969
  • Works by J.-A.-D. Ingres in the Collection of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 10/17/1980 - 12/07/1980
  • A Private Passion: 19th-Century Paintings and Drawings from the Grenville L. Winthrop Collection, Harvard University, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon, 03/15/2003 - 05/26/2003; National Gallery, London, 06/25/2003 - 09/14/2003; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 10/23/2003 - 01/25/2004
  • 32Q: 2220 18th-19th Century, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, 03/11/2015 - 09/02/2015

Verification Level

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at