recto Photo © President and Fellows of Harvard College
Identification and Creation
Object Number
Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas, French (Paris, France 1834 - 1917 Paris, France)
Study for "Diego Martelli"
Work Type
Persistent Link
Physical Descriptions
Prepared black chalk heightened with white chalk, traces of white gouache, on green-gray wove paper, discolored to tan, squared in black chalk
45 x 28.9 cm (17 11/16 x 11 3/8 in.)
frame: 71.1 x 55.9 cm (28 x 22 in.)
Inscriptions and Marks
  • Signed: l.l.: Degas
  • stamp: l.l.: Vente signature stamp [L. 658] in red
Atelier Degas, [sold at Vente III, no. 344a, 1919]. [César M. de Hauke], sold to Paul J. Sachs, 1930, bequest; to Fogg Art Museum, 1965.
Acquisition and Rights
Credit Line
Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Bequest of Meta and Paul J. Sachs
Accession Year
Object Number
European and American Art
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Publication History

"Degas Drawings: Jacques Seligmann Galleries", Art News (November 1, 1930), vol. XXIX, no. 5, p. 10

Lloyd Goodrich, "Degas", The Arts (November 1930), vol. XVII, no. 2, ill. p. 107

Fogg Art Museum Handbook, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, 1931), p. 113, repr.

Agnes Mongan, "Portrait Studies by Degas in American Collections", Bulletin of the Fogg Art Museum, Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge, MA, May 1932), vol. 1, no. 4, p. 68, repr.

[Unidentified article], Art News, ARTnews Associates (New York, NY, May 4, 1935), vol. XXXIII, no. 31, vol. XXXIII, no. 31 (4 May 1935), repr. p. 11

Degas, 1834-1917, exh. cat., Pennsylvania Museum of Art (Philadelphia, PA, 1936), no. 82, repr.

Agnes Mongan and Paul J. Sachs, Drawings in the Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, 1940), vol. 1, cat. no. 673, fig. 349

Masterpieces of 19th and 20th Century French Drawing from the Fogg Museum..., brochure, Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit, MI, 1941), checklist no. 25

Works by Edgar Degas, exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, OH, 1947), no. 68, pl. LIV

Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas, Letters, ed. Marcel Guérin, Bruno Cassirer (Oxford, England, 1948), ill. 16

Daniel Catton Rich, Edgar-Hilaire-Germain Degas, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. (New York, NY, 1951), pl. 33

Henry S. Francis, "Drawings by Degas", The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, OH, December 1957), vol. XLIV, p. 216

James Watrous, The Craft of Old-Master Drawings, University of Wisconsin Press (Madison, WI, 1957), pp. 114-115, repr.

Peter A. Wick, "Degas Violinist", Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Boston, MA, 1959), vol. LVII, no. 310, p. 94, fig. 7

Jakob Rosenberg, Great Draughtsmen from Pisanello to Picasso, Harvard University Press (Cambridge, MA, 1959), pp. xxiii and 110; pl. 205

Jean Sutherland Boggs, Portraits by Degas, University of California Press (Berkeley, CA, 1962), p. 123

Lamberto Vitali, "Three Italian Friends of Degas", The Burlington Magazine (June 1963), CV, pp. 266-273, p. 270, fig. 27

Agnes Mongan, Memorial Exhibition: Works of Art from the Collection of Paul J. Sachs [1878-1965]: given and bequeathed to the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, exh. cat., Harvard University (Cambridge, MA, 1965), cat. no. 60, repr.

Carlton Lake, "A Legacy of Masterpieces: Paul Sachs's Gift to the Fogg Museum", Boston (March 1966), vol. 58, no. 3, repr. p. 24

Jean Sutherland Boggs, Drawings by Degas, exh. cat., City Art Museum of St. Louis (St. Louis, MO, 1966), p. 142

Daniel M. Mendelowitz, Drawing, Holt, Rinehart & Winston (New York, NY, 1967), p. 185, fig. 5

Jean Leymarie, Dessins de la période impressionniste de Manet à Renoir, Skira (Geneva, Switzerland, 1969), p. 43, repr. p. 45

Jakob Rosenberg, Great Draughtsmen from Pisanello to Picasso [rev. ed.], Harper & Row (New York, NY, 1974), p. 148, pl. 269

Daniel M. Mendelowitz, A Guide to Drawing, Holt, Rinehart & Winston (New York, NY, 1976), p. 220

Ronald Pickvance, Degas 1879: Paintings, pastels, drawings, prints and sculpture from around 100 years ago in the context of his earlier and later works, exh. cat., National Gallery of Scotland (Edinburgh, Scotland, 1979), cat. 57, repr.

Nathan Goldstein, Painting, visual and technical fundamentals, Prentice-Hall (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1979), fig. 1.5, p. 6

Vojtech Jirat-Wasiutynski and Thea Jirat-Wasiutynski, "The Uses of Charcoal in Drawing", Arts Magazine (October 1980), vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 128-135, fig. 6, p. 131

Mark M. Johnson, Idea to Image: Preparatory Studies from the Renaissance to Impressionism, exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art (Cleveland, OH, 1980), p. 59, fig. 73

Frederick Malins, Drawing Ideas of the Masters: Artists' Techniques Compared and Contrasted, Phaidon Press (Oxford, England, 1981), p. 31, no. 17

Daniel M. Mendelowitz and Duane A. Wakeham, Mendelowitz's Guide to Drawing, Holt, Rinehart & Winston (New York, NY, 1982), p. 235

Ray Faulkner and Edwin Ziegfeld, Art Today, an introduction to the fine and functional arts, Henry Holt and Co. (New York, NY, 1986)

Dr. Betty Edwards, Drawing on the Artist Within, Simon & Schuster (New York, NY, 1986), p. 195; fig. 17-21

Melissa McQuillan, Impressionist Portraits, Little, Brown & Company (Boston, MA, 1986), repr. p. 152

Denis Rouart, Degas in Search of His Technique, Skira Rizzoli (New York, NY, 1988), repr. p. 122

Howard J. Smagula, Creative Drawing, Laurence King Publishing Ltd. (London, 2002), pp. 41-42, fig. 1.30

Marjorie B. Cohn and Jean Sutherland Boggs, Degas at Harvard, exh. cat., Harvard University Art Museums/Yale University Press (Cambridge and New Haven, 2005), cat. no. 40, fig. 15 (color), pp. 34, 83

Catalogue des tableaux, pastels et dessins par Edgar Degas et provenant de son atelier 3e vente, April 7-9, 1919, auct. cat., Galerie Georges Petit (Paris, France, April 7 - April 9, 1919), no. 344a, repr.

Daniel M. Mendelowitz, David L. Faber, and Duane A. Wakeham, A Guide to Drawing, Thomson Wadsworth (Belmont, CA, 2007), fig. 10-5 (detail of microphotograph), p. 190

Deborah Rockman, Drawing Essentials: A Guide to Drawing from Observation, Oxford University Press (NY) (New York, 2009), fig. 2-13, p. 96

Louis-Antoine Prat, Le dessin français au XIXe siècle, Somogy Éditions d'Art (Paris, 2011), p. 527

Deborah Rockman, Drawing Essentials: A Complete Guide to Drawing, Oxford University Press (NY) (New York, 2017), p. 194, fig. 4-55

Exhibition History

Exhibition of Drawings by Degas, Jacques Seligmann & Co., New York, 10/27/1930 - 11/15/1930

Degas, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 05/09/1931 - 05/30/1931

Drawings by Degas, City Art Museum of St. Louis, St. Louis, 01/01/1932 - 12/31/1932

Edgar Degas: Paintings, Drawings, Pastels, Sculpture, Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, 11/28/1933 - 12/18/1933

French Drawings and Prints of the Nineteenth Century, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 03/21/1934 - 04/28/1934

Degas, 1834-1917, Pennsylvania Museum of Art, Philadelphia, 11/01/1936 - 11/30/1936

Great Modern French Drawings, Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences Museum, Brooklyn, 01/01/1939 - 03/12/1939

Master Drawings: An Exhibition of Drawings from American Museums and Private Collections, California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, 01/01/1940 - 12/31/1940

Great Modern Drawings, Phillips Memorial Gallery, Washington, 04/07/1940 - 05/01/1940

Masterpieces of 19th and 20th Century French Drawing from the Fogg Museum of Art at Harvard University and the Museum of Modern Art of New York City, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, 05/01/1941 - 06/01/1941

Master Drawings, Fogg Art Museum, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, Santa Barbara, 06/01/1943 - 08/31/1943

Edgar Degas Bronzes, Drawings, Pastels, Buchholz Gallery, New York, 01/03/1945 - 01/27/1945

Drawings by Degas, Farnsworth Art Museum (now Davis Museum and Cultural Center), Wellesley, 02/16/1946 - 03/10/1946

Works by Edgar Degas, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, 02/05/1947 - 03/09/1947

Loan Exhibition of Drawings & Pastels by Edgar Degas, 1834-1917, Phillips Memorial Gallery, Washington, 03/30/1947 - 04/30/1947

Drawings from the Fogg Museum of Art, Harvard University (Collected by Paul J. Sachs), Century Club, New York, 05/12/1947 - 09/25/1947

French Drawings from the Fogg Art Museum, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, 03/28/1952 - 04/28/1952

De David à Toulouse-Lautrec: chefs d'oeuvre des collections américaines, Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris, 04/20/1955 - 07/05/1955

An Exhibition of Drawings, Colby College, Miller Library, Waterville, 04/27/1956 - 05/23/1956

An Exhibition of Works by Edgar Hilaire Germain Degas, 1834-1917, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, 03/04/1958 - 04/06/1958

Memorial Exhibition: Works of Art from the Collection of Paul J. Sachs [1878-1965] Given and Bequeathed to the Fogg Art Museum Harvard University Cambridge, Massachusetts, Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, 11/15/1965 - 01/15/1966; Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York, 12/19/1966 - 02/26/1967

Edgar Degas: the Reluctant Impressionist, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, 06/19/1974 - 09/15/1974

Degas 1879, National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh, 08/13/1979 - 09/30/1979

Degas, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, 02/09/1988 - 05/16/1988; National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, 06/16/1988 - 08/28/1988; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 09/27/1988 - 01/08/1989

The Maurice Wertheim Collection and Selected Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Paintings and Drawings in the Fogg Art Museum, Isetan Department Store, Tokyo, 03/01/1990 - 04/10/1990; Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art, 04/14/1990 - 05/13/1990

Degas: the Portraits, Kunsthaus Zürich, Zurich, 12/02/1994 - 03/05/1995; Kunsthalle Tübingen, Tübingen, 03/18/1995 - 06/18/1995

Degas at Harvard, Harvard University Art Museums, Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Cambridge, 08/01/2005 - 11/27/2005

This record has been reviewed by the curatorial staff but may be incomplete. Our records are frequently revised and enhanced. For more information please contact the Division of European and American Art at